The costs and casualties of the growing war proved too much for the United States to bear, and U.S. combat units were withdrawn by 1973. However, the Allies all agreed that Vietnam belonged to the French. Before the War Prior to World War II Vietnam had been a colony of the French. The Chinese pulled out of North Vietnam in 1946 and the party of Ho Chi Minh took over – the Viet Minh. The war started in November 1946, when the French bombarded the port of Haiphong and killed 6,000 people. However, from a constitutional perspective, this conflict did not technically count as a war. Not until 1995 did Vietnam release its official estimate of war dead: as many as 2 million civilians on both sides and some 1.1 million North Vietnamese and Viet Cong fighters. As of January 15, 2018, 1,601 American soldiers who fought in the Vietnam War remained unaccounted for. In the memory of the Vietnamese and Americans is the pain, loss and suffering caused by such a violent and devastating encounter. Vietnam Embassy in Pyongyang, North Korea. The meeting also decided that in 1956, there would be an election in both the north and south to decide who would rule the whole country. It was naturally assumed by the French that this unit would defeat the untrained Viet Minh guerrillas. He had been removed from power at the end of the war. In the atmosphere of April 30 (Reunification Day) which is approaching, let’s discover the past: What caused the Vietnam War? How many ways to get Vietnam visa from Malawi? Political turbulence there and two alleged North Vietnamese attacks on U.S. naval vessels spurred Johnson to demand the passage of the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution in 1964. The U.S. military has estimated that between 200,000 and 250,000 South Vietnamese soldiers died in the war. The total tonnage of bombs the United States dropped on North Vietnam surpassed that of the bombing of Germany, Italy, and Japan during World War II. The first was on August 2nd, when the USS Maddox was patrolling the Gulf of Tonkin and was followed by three Vietnamese torpedo boats. The country was meant to be ruled by Bao Dai who was supported by the west. For example, in the late 19th century France controlled the country as part of its colonial empire. The French tried to win over the people of the North by offering them ‘independence’. The goal was to deprive insurgents of food and cover. The war in Vietnam was the result of years and decades of tensions within the country. Their weapons mostly came from communist China. Select all that apply.Vietnam is united under a Communist government.Support for the containment of Communism lessens.Anti-government feelings spread in the United States.The spread of communism in Asia is halted.Vietnam is united under a non-Communist government.Communism spreads to Laos and Cambodia. The Vietnam War (Vietnamese: Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America or simply the American War, was an undeclared war in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia. In that respect, it failed: the two Vietnams were united under a communist banner in July 1976. Overview of the Vietnam War Digital History ID 2925 Vietnam was the longest war in American history and the most unpopular American war of the 20th century. These records were transferred into the custody of the National Archives and Records Administration in 2008. The United States supported the South, while China and Russia supported the North. It was the second of the Indochina Wars and was officially fought between North Vietnam and South Vietnam. The Vietnamese civil war began in 1959. North Vietnam was supported by the Soviet Union, China, and other communistallies… In April 1954, the world’s powers had met at Geneva to discuss Vietnam. In 1971, the Pentagon Papers were leaked, revealing confidential information about the war. South Vietnam was contesting the communist forces comprised of the Viet Cong, a group of South Vietnamese guerillas, and the North Vietnamese Army (Vietnam War). The following tables were generated from the Vietnam Conflict Extract Data File of the Defense Casualty Analysis System (DCAS) Extract Files, which is current as of April 29, 2008.The Vietnam Conflict Extract Data File of the Defense Casualty Analysis System (DCAS) Extract Files contains records of 58,220 U.S. military fatal casualties of the Vietnam War. Active military action was carried out for almost 20 years, from 1 November 1955 to 30 April 1975.The Vietnam War is also referred to as the Second Indochina War, due to the involvement of all three countries previously constituting the French territory of Indochina. Bao Dai was to lead the south and Ho Chi Minh the north. Select all that apply. This Vietnam War website is created and maintained by Alpha History. Omissions? The Vietnam War was the longest military battle in the history of the United States. The United States entered Vietnam with the principal purpose of preventing a communist takeover of the region. To this day, people dont believe the government is bein… Disclaimers: This is information of The Vietnam Embassy in Pyongyang, it is provided for information and service purpose. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? South Vietnam was controlled by Ngo Dinh Diem and was supported by western democracies such as the United States. In spite of huge American help, the French could not cope with the Viet Minh’s guerrilla tactics. In 1975 South Vietnam fell to a full-scale invasion by the North. In 1995 Vietnam released its official estimate of the number of people killed during the Vietnam War: as many as 2,000,000 civilians on both sides and some 1,100,000 North Vietnamese and Viet Cong fighters. Cold War tensions ran high as the country relentlessly fought against the alleged evils of communism. The Gulf of Tonkin incident in 1964 would ultimately see the tensions in the region rapidly increase and cause the United States to take an increased role. South Vietnam also had a population of 16 million. The ships engaged in a short firefight in which the USS Maddox damaged the torpedo boats, while escaping with only a single bullet hole. In this case, though, the United States and the West won the war. The country was a part of Imperial China until it … Score 1 Log in for more information. The U.S. military has estimated that between 200,000 and 250,000 South Vietnamese soldiers died. However, to support the Communist cause, the Soviet Union armed its fellow Communist state, China, who would, in turn, arm and equip the North Vietnamese who fought the Americans. However, the people would not be allowed to do anything without French permission. 3 million Vietnamese killed 58,000 Americans killed 300,000 wounded U.S. spent $150 billion U.S. morale, self-confidence, trust in government are decimated Unlike World War II, soldiers returning home ignored and ridiculed Vietnam Veterans Memorial constructed to … This resulted in many civilian casualties. US forces opted to focus on air mobility an… Also called Operation Starlite, this was the first purely American assault on the … This colonial history angered many in Vietnam and caused a growing sense of mistrust towards foreign powers. Although North Vietnamese and Viet Cong casualty counts vary wildly, it is generally understood that they suffered several times the number of American casualties. A powerful domestic antiwar movement that arose in the mid-1960s influenced a bipartisan group of U.S. congresspersons who by 1970 began to question openly the commitment of American troops to conflicts of uncertain national importance. Next, Japan dominated the region in the years during World War II. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The French tried to win over the people of the North by offering th… Ngo ruled as a dictator along with his brother – Ngo Dinh Nhu. As such, historians now argue that the United States used the Domino Theory to justify its involvement in Vietnam, just as it did in the earlier War in Korea. Another result of the Vietnam War was the government lost credibility in the eyes of the American people. Protests started to occur because many of the American civilians were against American soldiers fighting in the Korean War. The basic idea was that the American’s needed to prevent the first domino from falling (country turning to communism) so as to prevent the spread of communism. The Vietnam War (1959-1975) was long and drawn out. The Vietnam War had significant cultural, social and political impacts. However, this attempt led to the rise to power of Ho Chi Minh, a communist revolutionary and the Viet Minh independence movement. Vietnam emerged from the war as a potent military power within Southeast Asia, but its agriculture, business, and industry were disrupted, large parts of its countryside were scarred by bombs and defoliation and laced with land mines, and its cities and towns were heavily damaged. To the surprise of the South Vietnamese, those Viet Minh who went to the south helped them on their farms and did not abuse them. What was the result of the Vietnam war? This article will help you with many ways to…. By 1969 more than 500,000 U.S. military personnel were stationed in Vietnam. Cruel fact: How many Vietnamese people died in the Vietnam war? 3  Kallie Szczepanski contributed to this article. The Viet Cong were trained by their commander Giap who learned from the tactics used by the Chinese communists in their fight against the Nationalist Chinese forces. Millions of life were lost, and thousands went missing during the 20-year conflict. He received his B.A. The fact that two opposing sides had developed was classic Cold War history. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Vietnam is united under a Communist government. Water … Three Medals of Honor and five Distinguished Service Crosses were awarded to … Over 58,000 Americans died in Vietnam and more than 150,000 were wounded. They used the Ho Chi Minh Trail which was a 1000 mile trail along the border with Laos with heavy jungle coverage so that detection from the air was very difficult. However, when it suited both, they had client states that could carry on the fight for them. It resulted in nearly 60,000 American deaths and in an estimated 2 million Vietnamese deaths. As communism hated religion, Diem hated all that communism stood for. Their government was corrupt and brutal but it was also backed by America. The US experimented with various herbicides and defoliants at the end of World War II and during the 1950s. Tensions escalated into armed conflict between the two sides, and in 1961 U.S. President John F. Kennedy chose to expand the military aid program. Kennedy was assassinated in 1963, but his successor, Lyndon B. Johnson, continued the work that Kennedy had started. In 1965, the United States officially entered the war in response to North Vietnam's attack on a U.S. military ship. This article will help you with many ways to…, As a citizen of Malawi, you are kindly advised to have Vietnam Visa to enter Vietnam. All houses are required to hang Vietnamese flag in front of their door and city streets are lighted up with red banners and flags. The war is considered a Cold War-era proxy war from some US perspectives. In November 1953, the French sent men from their crack Parachute Regiment to Vietnam. Updates? It was the second of the Indochina Wars and was officially fought between North Vietnam and South Vietnam. (At least 100 names on the memorial are those of servicemen who were actually Canadian citizens.) The terms of this expansion included yet more funding and arms, but a key alteration was the commitment of U.S. soldiers to the region. This article will help you with many ways to…, As a citizen of Zambia, you are kindly advised to have Vietnam Visa to enter Vietnam. 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