Explores the history and teachings of the Vedas, Brahmans, and Upanishads Offers insight into the modern daily practice of Hinduism around the world Continuing the Dummies tradition of making the world's religions engaging and accessible to everyone, Hinduism For Dummies is your hands-on, friendly guide to this fascinating religion. No specific qualities are prescribed in the Hindu scriptures for this and the next caste. Sama-Veda “Knowledge of the Melodies”, for chanting. They form the oldest layer of Sanskrit literature and the oldest sacred texts of Hinduism. Hanuman, the monkey king and devoted servant. This video gives a brief introduction to these mystic texts. These aspects of the religion introduce some of the complexities that are fascinating to study. Veda itself means knowledge, deriving from the Sanskrit root ‘vid’ meaning to know, to see or to cognize. In ancient India, such a system was inspired by Hindu scriptures and implemented as a way to create a society in which all essential functions were addressed and all people assumed vital roles based on their abilities. The Upanishads are full of stories of students looking for teachers. Yet, while Durga is terrifying to her adversaries, she is full of compassion and love for her devotees. The most oft-mentioned are Indra, Agni, Soma, and Varuna. This blog post is third in the series “Vedas For Dummies” describing the structure of the Vedas. No One is Exempt: JUPITER ASCENDING Five Years Later. Hindus customarily invoke Shiva before the beginning of any religious or spiritual endeavor; they believe that any bad vibrations in the immediate vicinity of worship are eliminated by the mere utterance of his praise or name. Note that the creation of a group called untouchables was a manmade perversion of the caste concept set forth in Hindu scripture — a perversion fought by modern Indian leaders such as Mahatma Gandhi. The shudras do manual labor such as tilling the land, working in the fields, and raising cattle and crops. They are particularly relevant for the development of Yajurveda. Vishnu is worshipped in many forms and in several avatars (incarnations). Agni holds a special place in Hindu fire ritual to this day as the sacrificer (the priest who performs the ceremony); the sacrifice (the ritual fire and the offerings made into it); and the witness to all rites. Before reading this post get an overview of the Vedas by reading my earlier post: Vedas For Dummies — Introduction. Nor do Hindus have a simple set of rules to follow like the Ten Commandments. The Upanishads are known as ‘Vedanta’, the final chapters of the Vedas. For a long time they passed down the texts of the Veda by reciting them. There is a multi-layered structure to the Vedas. In my 200-hour teacher training at Pure Yoga NYC , he would always talk about these parties that he went to on Thursdays where he chanted and played the harmonium. As was discussed in the earlier post, White Yajurveda separates its Brahmanas from the mantras unlike Black Yajurveda where they are mixed. The Vedas are the holy books of the Hindus, much revered for being the fount of all knowledge. There are four Vedas, the Rig Veda, Sama Veda, Yajur Veda and Atharva Veda. The kind of body the soul inhabits next is determined by karma (actions accumulated in previous lives). Continuing the Dummies tradition of making the world's religions engaging and accessible to everyone, Hinduism For Dummies is your hands-on, friendly guide to this fascinating religion. According to the Vedas, Truth is One, but the wise express it in a variety of ways. 4. Rig-Veda “Knowledge of the Hymns of Praise”, for recitation. Hindus acknowledge that, at the most fundamental level, God is the One without a second — the absolute, formless, and only Reality known as Brahman, the Supreme, Universal Soul. The actual Sanskrit term used for philosophy/ theology is Darshana which simply means “a view of the Truth”. Sentences in the Vedas sometimes present an unclear meaning which creates doubts rather than resolve them. Hindus believe that the Vedas are without beginning and without end; when everything else in the universe is destroyed (at the end of a cycle of time), the Vedas remain. For example, Hindus believe there is only one Supreme Being, Brahman; they pursue knowledge of Truth and Reality; they strive for moral order and right action; and they promote tolerance. Yet Hindu religion is also polytheistic: populated with myriad gods and goddesses who personify aspects of the one true God, allowing individuals an infinite number of ways to worship based on family tradition, community and regional practices, and other considerations. For his devotees, Krishna is a delight, full of playful pranks. Hanuman is featured in the great Hindu epic the Ramayana. All societies have some sort of social class system in which people are classified based on education, culture, and income levels. Srauta Sutras are the structural descriptions of the Srauta ritual. Hindus identify Krishna as the teacher of the sacred scripture called the Bhagavad Gita and as the friend and mentor of prince Arjuna in the epic the Mahabharata. As sruti (revealed texts), the Vedas are regarded as the absolute authority for religious knowledge and a test of Hindu orthodoxy (both Jains and Buddhists reject the Vedas). As the consort of Vishnu, she plays a role in every incarnation. Bullies in the Workplace and My Experiences as a Victim, Living Without a Smartphone for Three Months. (Revised Edition - August 2015) This Book explains Bhagavad Gita (Sacred Text) given by Supreme God as Summary in English. A Hindu believes that the individual soul (atman) is neither created nor destroyed; it has been, it is, and it will be. Hinduism is not an organized religion and has no single, systematic approach to teaching its value system. Indra, the King of Heaven and lord of the gods. 2. The Human (Arjuna) had lot of Questions to Supreme God (Krishna) and he got answers from God for all those. Aham Brahmasmi - "I" am God, meaning man himself is God. Interpreting Vedas is a highly complex activity. Vedanta is the culmination of the Vedas. Millions of Hindus derive satisfaction from reading and recalling Rama’s trials and tribulations as a young prince who was exiled from his kingdom for 14 years. They are considered to be revelations or heard ones (sruti) and therefore, inviolable. This Veda has several verses (hymns). Centuries later, the classification was dubbed the caste system. The Vedas are Hindu scriptures that contain revelations received by ancient saints and sages. Explores the history and teachings of the Vedas, Brahmans, and Upanishads Offers insight into the modern daily practice of Hinduism around the world Continuing the Dummies tradition of making the world's religions engaging and accessible to everyone, Hinduism For Dummies is your hands-on, friendly guide to this fascinating religion. And belief in the authority of the Vedas (sacred scriptures) serves, to a large extent, as the very definition of a Hindu, even though how the Vedas are interpreted may vary greatly. Bhakti for Dummies: What You Need to Know About The "Hare Krishnas." The first sruti writings are the most sacred and are considered the infallible words of divinity – the four Vedas, a body of ancient hymns and chants written in Sanskrit. Two of Vishnu’s ten avatars are Rama and Krishna. Before reading this post get an overview … To people raised in other faiths, Hinduism may seem very complex, but the core beliefs of Hinduism are actually quite simple to understand. In practice, this caste came to include everyone not belonging to the other three castes, except for the untouchables: people performing the most menial labor, such as sweeping streets and tanning leather. Everyone should strive to achieve dharma. They are the original scriptures of Hindu teachings, containing spiritual knowledge encompassing all aspects of life. 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