Confucius lived during what years? Gravity. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Daoism - Daoism - Religious goals of the individual: The Confucian sage (sheng) is viewed as a ruler of antiquity or a great sage who taught humanity how to return to the rites of antiquity. Log in Sign up. The purpose of this activity is to bring students in closer to these highlights from each philosophy. Do the same for the Daoism quotations. Taoism and Confucianism have lived together in China for well over 2,000 years. (1) The counter-argument can say that its side’s philosophy also has and shares the same belief in the claim. Confucianism. Students should be paired with a partner. He eventually took a position as head librarian of the Imperial Archives. American society is far too violent today, and we would be much better off if weapons were shunned instead of purchased (legally or not) and used to commit violent acts. Search. The claims can use this standard template: [Confucianism or Daoism] believes that [fill in the belief that can be substantiated by the evidence]. As a result, this period led to the development of many new philosophies. Students (in fours, two pairs of two) are ready now for an argument-based small group discussion. Confucianism vs Taoism The main difference between Confucianism and Taoism is in the focus of each philosophy as Confucianism focuses on the society while Taoism focuses on the nature. We worked recently with a partner school’s Global Studies course and their Ancient China unit. To experience God, man had to look within himself and nature. Daoism and Confucianism, as the two indigenous spiritual and philosophical traditions of China, are at the very core of the recovery of a specifically Chinese perspective on protecting our planet. Chinese philosopher Confucius (551 – 479 BCE), as part of the larger Hundred Schools of Thought, laid down the tenets of his worldview in the Analects. Daoism likely established monasteries and temples. ). Lao-tzu, translated as either "Old Master" or "Old Boy," is believed to be the author of Taoism. Assign students reading on these ancient Chinese philosophies from the textbook, if one is being used. As a result, this period led to the development of many new philosophies. Explain that students do not to take the position that people should convert to one of these philosophies or religions, but that one or the other should be more influential. as the religion of the Tang dynasty. Access the answers to hundreds of Confucianism questions that are explained in a way that's easy for you to understand. Joseph Lok-Man Lee, Noel Yee-Man Siu, Tracy Jun-Feng Zhang, Face, fate and brand equity: service recovery justice and satisfaction, Journal of Consumer Marketing, 10.1108/JCM-01-2019-3037, … %PDF-1.6 %���� Hung Kei Kenneth Lo, Who are macro-community members: an answer from the viewpoint of Confucianism, Safer Communities, 10.1108/SC-01-2020-0001, ahead-of-print, ahead-of-print, (2020). These discussions – taking place simultaneously – should last about 25 minutes. Pairs should exchange their finished argument builders, so that they can read them before building their counter-arguments. Daoism believes in non-violence and rejects the use of weapons against other human beings. o Li describes the actions that are right because of the needs of society. Present the Stanford History Education Group (SHEG) slides. Daoism likely established monasteries and temples Through the influence of buddhism Daoism developed a pantheon of hundreds of deities, the most important being The Three purities Confucianism has been especially 551-479 By which ancient Chinese philosophy should people today be more influenced, Confucianism or Daoism? Hung Kei Kenneth Lo, Who are macro-community members: an answer from the viewpoint of Confucianism, Safer Communities, 10.1108/SC-01-2020-0001, ahead-of-print, ahead-of-print, (2020). Contact: ggcoe83@gmail.com. Rather, they are arguing that their philosophy should influence the way people today live, and it should so do because of the values that it espouses and beliefs that it teaches. 551-479 B.C.E. 43 0 obj <> endobj 66 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<17EBD5A80062442589F10C471E9E7151>]/Index[43 44]/Info 42 0 R/Length 115/Prev 211798/Root 44 0 R/Size 87/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream  Confucianism, Daoism, Legalism Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism are all forms of different ways of thinking. Through the influence of buddhism. “Weapons are ominous tools. The Dao is “the Way.”  It has a mystical essence, but is a flow or feeling of oneness with nature; acceptance of things and renunciation of desire and resistance; modesty and selflessness; and a recognition that all things are inter-connected. One of Confucius's disciples, Mencius, (c. 372–c. Certain common assumptions are to be found in each, and distinguish both from Western ways of thinking. Buddhism, on the other hand, is a religion from ancient India, dating back to the sixth century B.C. STUDY. ), Mencius, and Xunzi. The difference between these two philosophies is based on their teachings, wherein Taoism is all about the relationship between a man and nature, and Confucianism h�bbd```b``��� �q�du�,+����e`�s0yL��ɓ@�����"�@��li7 D�?���yc����H�I �#H�+�e`�g�%�t"�30]` �Oa endstream endobj startxref 0 %%EOF 86 0 obj <>stream Two of the most influential of these philosophies were Confucianism and Daoism. Though there are significant Chinese, Japanese, Vietnamese, and Korean immigrant communities in Greater Boston, East Asian traditions such as Confucianism, Daoism, and Shintō are difficult to survey as there are very few religious centers. between human beings. Confucianism emerged to dominate other schools that were growing in the fertile social upheavals of pre-imperial China Daoism (Taoism), Mohism, and Legalism all attacked Confucianism. Students should be encouraged to respond to each other’s points, though they can also concede points where they feel inclined to. Taoism. Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism each have their own box and one question related to each of the philosophies (philosophy/religion for Daoism). While Confucianism teaches a person to be a socially involved moral person, Daoism teaches a person to achieve peace with oneself. Confucianism and Daoism. Though Buddhism continues to be the main religion of China, Confucianism and Taoism are two dominating philosophies in China that are very old, and continuing to be in existence since around 550 BCE . If I have to choose one of Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism as a governing system. Daoism arose at a similar time to Match. Both traditions have permeated Chinese culture for some 2,500 years. Ancient China – Confucianism vs. Daoism Page 3 Evidence “Weapons are ominous tools.They are abhorred by all creatures. Ancient Confucianism and Daoism are distinct streams of thought, their differences stark at times. "Those who know do not say; those who say do not The conflict created a need for new political models to solve the crisis. Finally, this project is an example of the way that an argument-centered approach has the agility to incorporate varied curricular resources — in this instance, some SHEG (Stanford History Education Group) document excerpts and background information. Confucianism and Daoism - Duration: 21:26. Have students define key terms. Download Pdf. This project incorporates material from the Stanford History Education Group (SHEG) project on this topic. How Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism shaped Chinese Culture Article By Julian Scott. Taoism is a religion and philosophical tradition that originated in China around 550 B.C. Confucianism is the first important philosophy from the Warring States Period. They should get guidance and support as they need. In the 5th century BCE, China was thrown into a period of intense warfare among rival states. Anyone who follows the Way shuns them” [Tao Te Ching chapter 31]. It focuses on virtue in a morally organized society. The most effective system would be Legalism, because it's stable, strict and strong. Confucianism is the first important philosophy from the Warring … o Yi describes the actions that are inherently right, good, and moral. A classroom-wide discussion should be done around possible argumentative claims – which in this context is another way to say, a discussion around the tenets and beliefs of each philosophy. posted by UK, September 14, 2018. (3) The counter-argument can say that this belief shouldn’t be embraced by everyone today, or that it isn’t as important as beliefs held by its side’s philosophy. In the following centuries, it existed alongside Buddhism and Confucianism (another philosophical religion). Anyone who follows the Way shuns them” [Tao Te Ching chapter 31]. (c. 400–c. To … ), Mencius, and Xunzi. Similar to Confucianism, Laozi taught Daoism, and the main concept of Daoism was that “the only human actions that ultimately make sense are those which are in accord with the flow of Nature – the Tao.” Daoists attempted to solve the problem by proclaiming that violence and the idea of violence itself defied the Way of Nature, implying it was not allowed in Daoism. 200 B.C. Let’s look at their main characteristics. Confucianism from the moment of its birth has a fundamental difference with the ideology of religions, especially in matters of people, concern for people, life and the enjoyment of life. Confucianism and Taoism, later joined by Buddhism, constitute the “three teachings” that have shaped Chinese culture. Present the Stanford History Education Group (SHEG) slides. Taoism and Confucianism — Ancient Philosophies A representation of the three philosophies in China. Confucianism rose at the time of the Han dynasty when emperor Liu Bang eased all of the Legalism policies from the Qin dynasty and appointed Confucian scholars as advisers. 0:00 Confucianism, Daoism, Legalism and the Hundred Schools of Thought 1:51 Confucianism 4:27 Daoism 7:36 Legalism 9:08 Conclusion If … • Main principle is ren, which describes that people should behave in a loving, selfless, and moral way. 1. Confucianism, Taoism, and Legalism are the three pillars of Chinese philosophy, and have influenced all thinking and actions in China since their inception. 1. We need mo…. Daoism - Daoism - Daoism and other religions: Confucianism is concerned with human society and the social responsibilities of its members; Daoism emphasizes nature and what is natural and spontaneous in the human experience. • Main principle is ren, which describes that people should behave in a loving, selfless, and moral way. Confucius presenting the young Buddha to Lao-tzu. In Confucianism everyone had a rule that they had to follow. When they created their first statement on Daoism and the … Geographical distribution and predominance (Majority or strong influence) Mainly in Thailand, Cambodia, Sri lanka, India, Nepal, Bhutan, Tibet, Japan, Myanmar (Burma), Laos, Vietnam, China, Mongolia, Korea, Singapore, Hong Kong and Taiwan. They were both invented so as to offer solutions to the chaos that erupted as a result of the fall of Zhou Dynasty. Confucianism deals with social matters, while Taoism concerns itself with the search for meaning. Most believe in One God, but this is not necessary since Confucianism is not a religion but a belief system about social ordering. STANFORD HISTORY EDUCATION GROUP sheg.stanford.edu Document C (Modified) Chien Wu went to see Chief Yu. Confucianism became the orthodox ideology in feudal China and, in the long course of history, it drew on Taoism and Buddhism. With the quotations, the following activity should be used. developed a more idealistic version of Confucianism. Very little is known of his life; he may not even have existed. Generous support for this website provided by Betty J. Willhoite and her late husband George J. Willhoite. Daoism is known to be created by the legendary Lao Zi. Photo from Wikimedia. While Confucianism teaches a person to be a socially involved moral person, Daoism teaches a person to achieve peace with oneself. Confucianism and Taoism are both ancient Chinese styles of living. Conversely, the Buddhists on their part firmly have the objective to achieve the perfect state of nirvana and pursue the four noble truths (Huston, 1991; Smart, 2000). Crossref Joseph Lok-Man Lee, Noel Yee-Man Siu, Tracy Jun-Feng Zhang, Face, fate and brand equity: service recovery justice and satisfaction, Journal of Consumer Marketing, 10.1108/JCM-01-2019-3037, … The two traditions, “within society” and “beyond society,” balance and complement each other. Confucianism Daoism (Taoism) • Founded by Confucius in 6th-5th century BCE. The mass killings in Las Vegas is only the most recent example of this country’s love of guns and tolerance of violence. When studying the ancient China in a world studies curriculum, one of the cultural touchstones are the vastly influential and lasting philosophies of Confucianism and Daoism. Daoism and Confucianism, as the two indigenous spiritual and philosophical traditions of China, are at the very core of the recovery of a specifically Chinese perspective on protecting our planet. The weight here is – as with many arguments – on the student’s reasoning, which has to both connect the evidence and the claim, and explain why the belief identified in the claim is one that everyone today should embrace. Confucianism and Taoism have the same source, they matured together during the Period of Spring and Autumn and the Warring States (722-222 B.C.) (2) The counter-argument can say that the evidence included in the argument doesn’t substantiate the claim that the other side’s philosophy has this particular belief. An English translation was published in 1951 and several editions have been released since. They share common beliefs about man, society, and the universe, although these notions were around long before either philosophy. World Religions. The conflict created a need for new political models to solve the crisis. Introduce Confucianism and Daoism – their historical contexts, their main tenets, and their influence. But they emerge from and flow through a shared cultural context and historical time. Let us begin with the two religions from China first: Taoism and Confucianism. It is important for students to understand that in arguing for one or the other philosophy they are not necessarily taking the position that people should become Confucianist or Daoist. Confucianism, Legalism, and Daoism. Confucianism. Create. Types: Worksheets, Activities, Homework. The father of Taoism is considered to be Lao Tzu, a mystic who lived in the sixth century BC. Consider whether to distribute the Possible Claims document, or whether to have access to it for teaching purposes as needed to help guide the discussion and keep it moving down the rails, so to speak. Ғ��PJ7��(���X��t�/_�;�OƳ�_�.�E�Ly:�MN�ӹ'49O_�g�#t�Y2�����a�'�_O��[͞�l��T�J��m�N����r�=̖SiRx6��l�λ�骞�v���-��=���x�신6�%�ַ��]�nq�8,.�ڒ� ��0w*W�Xܿn.�{�l;���Mm-����V���k�z��Ikؿ ��,9�9-�'i���!� ����� Mp�bVG:�X�ៗ���I���|6I��ٷ����/aS���OQH6�pW����}��T�#B�ઈxU3�,�����g����E�XA����%$*��ŕ�ք���\�-i�u]K�f��cQ {�N6^AXjK[�����GU��q!z,D��]�i���b���F�����������j�΋Mw>~�5!��a��؆����Y�5��R �0��p,��Z�!լ��ë�A�h��hxC�Ю�>�ͦ�XN�-��Fx�(�ƫ� ,kݦ��W�'l�����P�� : �� 9�* x�8g"�l��`��|ԯ(�k��;d0� Daoism is generally attributed to the thinking of Lao Tzu, a Chinese philosopher of the late fifth century BCE. Taoism is a religion and philosophical tradition that originated in China around 550 B.C. Both began as philosophies, each later taking on religious overtones. It now has approximately 20−30 million followers, mostly in China, Korea, and Japan. Daoism - Daoism - Daoism and other religions: Confucianism is concerned with human society and the social responsibilities of its members; Daoism emphasizes nature and what is natural and spontaneous in the human experience. Document _____ Use evidence from the document and your knowledge of Confucianism and Daoism to support your answer. Start studying Confucianism, Legalism, and Daoism. Spell. Confucianism, Taoism, and Shintoism are considered as East Asian religions. Have students define key terms. Confucianism rests on the belief that human beings are good, teachable, and perfect. Lao-tzu (604-517 BC) Known as the "Old Master." Confucianism and Daoism Augustus Cleopatra Attila and Pope Leo Roman Empire and Christianity Unit 2: Medieval The Dark Ages Expansion of the Islamic Empire … Only $2.99/month. Which would led to a powerful nation. Each counter-argument can be one of three types. When all the Confucianism quotations have been read, students should identify their most favorite and least favorite in a quick-write, a few of which can be shared out. Students should be reminded of the three types of counter-arguments possible here. The two traditions, “within society” and “beyond society,” balance and complement each other. Let us begin with the two religions from China first: Taoism and Confucianism. Two of the most influential of these philosophies were Confucianism and Daoism. Browse. Have students define key terms. • Principles of li and yi dictate actions. However, during the Communist takeover in 1959, Taoism, Confucianism, and other religions were banned. • Confucianism and Daoism [Stanford History Education Group/SHEG] In the 5th century BCE, China was thrown into a period of intense warfare among rival states. He believed in the perfect unity and harmony of nature. Confucianism & Daoism Zoraostrianism Baháʼí Wilbur Award Clips & Essays About Confuciansim & Taoism What is Confucianism The first video below comes from Bettany Hughes' series, Genius of the Ancient World. 200 B.C.). Foolish Musings 2,808 … Students’ desks can be arranged in a circle, and they should sit next to their partner. The differences in all of these philosophies is what makes them unique, they are, in my opinion, way beyond their own time period. 289 B.C.) The Three purities. Follow the Earth. In different views, the only similarity that keeps on appearing in the structure of ethics that is received in both these practices as both these practices focus on self-improvement. He also Created by. Confucianism Daoism (Taoism) • Founded by Confucius in 6th-5th century BCE. and is based on the philosophical ideas of Lao Tzu. Confucianism and Taoism are both ancient Chinese styles of living. • Principles of li and yi dictate actions. Confucian political theory stresses the importance of justice and … Beginning with the Confucianism quotations, going around the circle, each student should stand and read a quotation, slowly and loudly. They should get feedback, and their argument builders returned for revision. Students should be told that they will be building two (or three, for more advanced students) arguments in support of their position. They are abhorred by all creatures. A[a��݃A�D���(�A .U]��VU.�,J�~JOVYb"Yf'�m+�k�b���/ʩuTtk}�6���G�g�s,J�V��Lu�ܟ��3ΎZ�pVّFfMc:Ͽ��g_J@ޛm�v�L��A?�c���3q$�xJU�SC���p�]u�C�"fMP�_��/�� m�E`K�?�� �]f�x|֠��2<. �G�Uu .�e`� ��� � ��P� endstream endobj 44 0 obj <> endobj 45 0 obj <> endobj 46 0 obj <>stream Confucianism and Daoism are both ways of thinking and styles of life. Students should also be told that they will be matched with another pair of students that are taking the position opposed to theirs for culminating small-group discussions. Distribute argument builders, one per student. Confucianism has been especially concerned about relationships. Establish the debatable issue, explaining that student pairs will take one position or the other – either that Confucianism or Daoism should more influence people today. Confucianism is represented by Confucius (founder, 551-479 B.C. The “Way,” which is the sacred path for living to Daoism, has people fully committed to non-violence and even to “abhorring” and “shunning” all weapons. The main difference between Confucianism and Taoism is in the focus of each philosophy as Confucianism focuses on the society while Taoism focuses on the nature. Students can use their counter-argument builders for notes. Pairs should submit their work for formative assessment. Three features of ideal government in Document A 1. Confucianism is a ethical, philosophical, and moral system established by the famous Confucius. View Notes - Confucianism and Daoism from HIST 101 at Catherine Mcauley High School. "The Religion of China: Confucianism and Taoism" (original Free Press edition 1951) is one of a number of works by the German sociologist Max Weber (1864-1920) published in English translation only long after his death, during a post-World-War II boom in Anglo-American interest in his writing. 200 B.C.). bblahovec144. It compares thebeliefs of Taoism, Confucianism and Taoism showing students how they all work together and are not mutallyu exclusive. Despite the different distinctive features in each of the philosophies, the two complemented each other and it was believed that for one to be considered complete: he/she had to measure up to the two philosophies. Confucianism is a humanistic philosophy, which places great weight on filial piety and respect for elders; a commitment to hard work as essential; and the universal values of compassion, justice, and courage. Daoism, on the other hand, focuses on living in harmony. If possible, collect the counter-argument builders and offer feedback on these, for revision. Test. This consistency will scaffold argument building on this issue for students who are not more advanced in their academic argumentation skills. Explore Daoism in Greater Boston. Confucianism emerged to dominate the other schools that had developed in the fertile social upheavals of pre-imperial China such as Daoism (), Mohism, and Legalism, all of which had criticised Confucianism (c. 400–c. There is no evil without some good, no beauty without some ugliness, no life without death. Two of the most influential of these philosophies were Confucianism and Daoism. (3) Confucianism and Daoism documents.pdf - Confucianism and Daoism An Overview Confucianism \u2013 A philosophical and religious tradition where the key to STANFORD HISTORY EDUCATION GROUP sheg.stanford.edu Confucianism and Daoism: An Overview Confucianism – A philosophical and religious tradition where the key to maintaining society is through traditional social … Get help with your Confucianism homework. • Main principle is ren, which describes that people should behave in a loving, selfless, and moral way. PLAY. via GIPHY. Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism Directions: Write down 5 important beliefs of Confucianism below. Confucianism, Daoism, Legalism, and Buddhism | Sutori Buddhism was … In the beginning, so the Chinese legends say, there was only chaos and from this chaos emerged Yin and Yang, two primordial opposing forces which, when they interacted with one another, brought forth the universe. Pairs should build their arguments. Introduce Confucianism and Daoism – their historical contexts, their main tenets, and their influence. h�Ԙ[O"IǿJ��u�$�a`vd\!��� Distribute counter-argument builders, one per student. Write. Taoism became well-known in the eighth century C.E. Confucianism and Taoism, later joined by Buddhism, constitute the “three teachings” that have shaped Chinese culture. Taoism (Pronounced "daoism") Founder. Upgrade to remove ads . Confucianism and Taoism are two of the world’s major philosophies which have been given by Chinese society. 0:00 Confucianism, Daoism, Legalism and the Hundred Schools of Thought 1:51 Confucianism 4:27 Daoism 7:36 Legalism 9:08 Conclusion If … They basically teach fillial piety and righteousness as key values that we should possess. As a result, this period led to the development of many new philosophies. The people of the nation would be fully devastated because of the disorder in their country. They all had a different way of teaching but all of them wanted to end the conflicts in China. and is based on the philosophical ideas of Lao Tzu. Taoism (Pronounced "daoism") Founder Lao-tzu (604-517 BC) Known as the "Old Master." o Li There are no clear boundaries between these intertwined religious systems, which do not claim to be exclusive, and elements of each enrich popular … Subjects: Social Studies - History, World History, Asian Studies. Both Confucianism and Taoism have a one goal and focuses on self-improvement from being individuals by welcoming greater whole to contribute to society. The two great indigenous philosophical and religious traditions of China, Daoism and Confucianism, originated about the same time (6th–5th century BCE) in what are now the neighboring eastern Chinese provinces of Henan and Shandong, respectively. The fundamental values and theories of Confucianism are akin to that of Taoism in as far as both beliefs desire harmony and proper conduct. According to myth, at his birth around 604 B.C.E., Lao-tzu came from the womb as an old man, white-haired and full of wisdom. I'll be live-tweeting the VP debate tonight on my personal account. That is, all of them have their palpable impact in the region called East Asia (China, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macau). Assign students reading on these ancient Chinese philosophies from the textbook, if one is being used. Great to use as a bell ringer, someth. Students should write a detailed summary of their discussion, which includes an evaluation of who made the strongest arguments and why, as a summative assessment. The conflict created a need for new political models to solve the crisis. Another student should be chosen at random to paraphrase the quotation. The project also uses a format of discussion that is looser and less rules-based than a debate (though, of course, rules have their utility and place, when striving to reach certain levels of rigor in a scaffolded academic setting). and has its foundation on the teachings of Siddhārtha Gautama. (c. 400–c. Daoism and Confucianism also agree that all people are born good and deserve to be rewarded by their governments and not being punished. Feb 3, 2018 - In the 5th century BCE, China was thrown into a period of intense warfare among rival states. Confucius believed in societal harmony by government not nature. Distribute the SHEG document excerpts and the Confucianism and Daoism quotations. Confucianism and Taoism are two of the world’s major philosophies which have been given by Chinese society. Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism all have their own outlook on the fundamental ideas, general objectives, individual aims, perspective about life in general, codes of conduct, perception of the society where they belong and certainly their influence on the Chinese culture and tradition. They will need to make counter-arguments (one or two) in response to each of the arguments being made by the other side. The discussion can begin with each side offering up its two arguments, then it can proceed without formal speech sequence. Pairs will exchange their argument builders so they can review the arguments that the other side will be making in their discussion. This work describes differences among them and explains the story about the frog in the well by Zhuang Zi. Confucianism, also known as Ruism, is a system of thought and behavior originating in ancient China.Variously described as tradition, a philosophy, a religion, a humanistic or rationalistic religion, a way of governing, or simply a way of life, Confucianism developed from what was later called the Hundred Schools of Thought from the teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius (551–479 BCE). Confucius 's disciples, Mencius, and the Xunzi Han Fei and Legalism were philosophies... Not even have existed a morally organized society chaos that erupted as governing! ” [ Tao Te Ching, generally translated as either `` Old Master ''... A quotation, slowly and loudly both invented so as to offer solutions to the chaos that as. Mencius, ( c. 372–c it now has approximately 20−30 million followers, mostly in China around 550 B.C ways. George J. Willhoite and her late husband George J. Willhoite and her late husband George J. Willhoite and late. 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