When another animal attacks the porcupine, its quills detach, burrowing into the adversary’s flesh and inflicting painful, potentially deadly wounds. Excessively moist forests and the most barren of deserts seem to be the only exceptions. These families live in complex burrow systems, where they spend their winter months without hibernating. Porcupines are usually dark brown or black in color, with white highlights. [22], The presence of barbs, acting like anchors, makes it more painful to remove a quill that has pierced the skin. Porcupines use the quills as a defense. For example, their guardhairs are used in the creation of the Native American "porky roach" headdress. In the eastern United States, it can be found in Wisconsin, Michigan, Pennsylvania, New York and New England. There are about 30 species of porcupines and these are loosely categorized as Old World and New world porcupines. However, some species will also live in wetlands and rocky areas. They are large, terrestrial, and strictly nocturnal. They have even been found on Mt. Here are some fun facts about the fascinating creatures, and a few answers to some earnest questions. They are an enormous family of creatures, and although the Old World porcupines, and New World porcupines, are all from the same branch of the rodent family, they are actually not closely related. Some use is made of dens in winter. All you need to is to know where they’re active. [23][24] As opposed to the current design for surgical staples, the porcupine quill and barb design would allow for easy and painless insertion as the staple would stay in the skin using the anchored barb design rather than being bent under the skin like traditional staples.[24]. Porcupines are found on the continents of Asia, Europe, Africa, and North and South America. Description - The porcupine is a robust rodent that usually weighs around 22 pounds. These are used as camouflage and as a defence against predators. Porcupines (Erethizon dorsatum), sometimes called “porkies” or “quill pigs,” are heavy-bodied, short-legged, slow, and awkward rodents, with a waddling gait. In what part of Idaho do Porcupines live? Porcupines can be found on rocky areas up to 3,700 m (12,100 ft) high. In rocky areas, they can be found up to a height of 3,700 meters. Porcupine Habitat. It is the third largest living rodent in the world after the capybara and beaver. They have even been found on Mt. All Rights Reserved by wanttoknowit.com. Some New World porcupines live in trees, but Old World porcupines stay on the rocks. Along with the raising of the quills, porcupines clatter their teeth causing warning noise to let predators know not to come closer. Its blunt-nosed face has small eyes, and small, round ears. Old World porcupines live in Europe, Africa, and Asia; some examples are the North African crested porcupine, African … shailendrakala18@gmail.com 0291-2435143 . Some quills can get up to a foot (30 centimeters) long, like those on the Africa's crested porcupine, according to National Geographic. One of the ways they keep the numbers of porcupines down is by eating them! — and they live in wooded valleys as well as on the mountaintops. Most porcupines are about 60–90 cm (25–36 in) long, with a 20–25 cm (8–10 in) long tail. The Old World porcupines live in southern Europe, Asia (western[1] and southern), and most of Africa. They do well in mixed hardwood — conifer woodlands with suitable den sites — rock crevices, caves, hollow trees, etc. Often, these displays are shown when a porcupine becomes agitated or annoyed. Among rodents, porcupines rank third in terms of size after capybara and beaver. 1 2 3. Also this animal can be found in Sri Lanka and in Indochina. When another animal attacks the porcupine, its quills detach, burrowing into And guess what? This is because most predators do not know how to climb. Wiki User Answered . They are generally nocturnal, but are occasionally active during daylight. [8] It is mostly nocturnal,[9] but will sometimes forage for food in the day, eating bark, roots, fruits and berries, as well as farm crops. The largest porcupine is the African Porcupine which can weigh over 20 kilograms (44 pounds). ^ Although porcupines are great tree climbers and can live on several species of trees, they seem to prefer, white, birch, ponderosa, pinion, hemlock, spruce, elm and poplar. The New World porcupines are indigenous to North America and northern South America. Although completely at home in a tree, the porcupine can adapt to a variety of West Texas habitats. Home; About Us; Practice Areas; Gallery; Blog; Cases; Contact; where do porcupines live All porcupines have a few traits in common. If you have ever wondered where this unique animal lives, keep reading to find out. [19][20][21], More commonly, their quills and guardhairs are used for traditional decorative clothing. [4], Fossils belonging to the genus Hystrix date back to the late Miocene of the continent of Africa.[5]. [citation needed], Porcupines have a relatively high longevity and have held the record for being the longest-living rodent, with one individual living to 27 years,[6] until the record was broken in 2002 by a naked mole-rat living to 28 years. The word "porcupine" comes from Latin porcus pig + spina spine, quill, via Old Italian (Italian "porcospino", thorn-pig)—Middle French—Middle English. Lakota women would harvest the quills for quillwork by throwing a blanket over a porcupine and retrieving the quills it left stuck in the blanket. They rely on their sharp, barbed quills (up to 30,000 per individual) for defense. Other porcupine species live in Africa, Europe, and Asia. long. Porcupines can be found on rocky areas up to 3,700 m (12,100 ft) high. Porcupines live all over the world. Where do porcupines live? These large rodents are the perfect example of a diverse species. Both families belong to the infraorder Hystricognathi within the profoundly diverse order Rodentia and display superficially similar coats of quills: despite this, the two groups are distinct from each other and are not closely related to each other within the Hystricognathi. Did you know? Porcupines are lumbering, rotund rodents with needle-like spikes, called quills, covering their back, sides, and tail. Porcupines are most common in hilly, rocky country, but they can adapt to most habitats — excessively moist forests and the most barren of deserts seem to be the only exceptions. The porcupine is found in Wisconsin, Michigan, Pennsylvania, New York, and New England. 4, McGraw-Hill, New York. The 11 Old World porcupines tend to be fairly large, and have spikes grouped in clusters. In the winter, it may eat bark. Copyright © 2017. Top Answer. Porcupine are large rodents with coats of sharp and pointy spines, or quills, that protect them against predators. This, along with the raising of the sharp quills, deters predators. The dark body and coarse hair of the porcupine are a dark brown/black and when quills are raised, present a white strip down its back mimicking the look of a skunk. Porcupines are seldom eaten in Western culture, but are very popular in Southeast Asia, particularly Vietnam, where the prominent use of them as a food source has contributed to significant declines in their populations. The different species vary in size quite considerably. In taxonomic terms, they form the family Hystricidae. Porcupines have become a pest in Kenya and are eaten as a delicacy. They are generally restricted to temperate and tropical regions. Preferences include rocky areas, ridges, and slopes, where crevices and caves provide den sites and large boulders serve as resting places. The most obvious trait is the long, sharp quills that cover their bodies. Habitat. This behaviour is often paired with body shivering which is used to further display the dangerous quills. They can weigh from 4.5 to 13 kg (10 to 28 pounds). Where do porcupines live? [12] The use of odor is when the sight and sound have failed. They live in wooded areas and can climb trees, where some species spend their entire lives. In eastern North America, porcupines range from Canada to the Appalachian Mountains in West Virginia and Maryland. Porcupines do not hibernate and are active throughout the year. They are generally nocturnal, but are occasionally active during daylight. They are usually shy creatures that stay away from humans, but sometimes enter human habitation in the search for salt. [15][16] Porcupines were long believed to have the ability to project their quills to a considerable distance at an enemy, but this has since been proven to be untrue.[17][18]. Porcupine is a rodent that lives in the Southeast Asia, the South of Europe and in the countries of Asia Minor and the Middle East. Hi, I'm Tim and I want to welcome you to wanttoknowit.com. [25][26][27][28][29][30][31][32], This article is about the mammal. Required fields are marked *, You can use these HTML tags and attributes
. An invasive scent is produced from the skin above the tail in times of stress, and is often seen with quill erection. The habitat of most species including forests, hillsides, grassland and deserts. They also have a tail that is about 20-25cm (8-10 in.) Porcupines live in forests but can be found away from tall trees if brush is available. Some New World porcupines live in trees, but Old World porcupines stay on the rocks. They are generally restricted to temperate and tropical regions. Your email address will not be published. In Washington State, porcupines occur mostly in forested areas, but also thrive along riparian zones, in brushy wetlands, and even in the shrub-steppe region of eastern Washington. [8], The African porcupine is not a climber and forages on the ground. "Porcupines, Porcupine Pictures, Porcupine Facts", "North American porcupine – Erethizon dorsatum (Linnaeus, 1758)", "Porcupines raise thorny questions in Kenya", "Wild Southeast Asian porcupines under threat due to illegal hunting, researchers find", "Wildlife Extra News – Illegal hunting threatens Vietnam's wild porcupines", "Microstructured barbs on the North American porcupine quill enable easy tissue penetration and difficult removal", "Variance of molecular datings, evolution of rodents, and the phylogenetic affinities between Ctenodactylidae and Hystricognathi", "Multiple molecular evidences for a living mammalian fossil", "Rodent phylogeny revised: analysis of six nuclear genes from all major rodent clades", "Impacts of the Cretaceous terrestrial revolution and KPg extinction on mammal diversification", "A glimpse on the pattern of rodent diversification: a phylogenetic approach", The Complete Resource To Keeping Porcupines As Pets, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Porcupine&oldid=995549612, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from September 2010, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 17:31. Porcupines vary in size considerably: Rothschild's porcupine of South America weighs less than a kilogram (2.2 lb); the crested porcupine found in Italy, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa can grow to well over 27 kg (60 lb). Porcupines are distributed into two evolutionarily independent groups within the suborder Hystricomorpha of the Rodentia. What do they eat? Where do porcupines live? In the United States, they roam … Where do porcupines live? Old World porcupines have quills embedded in clusters, whereas in New World porcupines, single quills are interspersed with bristles, underfur, and hair. [2][3] A regional American name for the animal is "quill-pig". However, some species will also live in wetlands and rocky areas. For other uses, see, Rodent with a coat of sharp and pointy spines, Old World compared with New World species. They can weigh from 4.5 to 13 kg (10 to 28 pounds). Adults are typically 25 to 30 inches (64 to 76 cm) long and weigh 10 to 30 pounds (4.5 to 13.5 kg). A porcupine's colouring aids in part of its defence as most of the predators are nocturnal and colour blind. Porcupines are a nocturnal species, which means that they are usually more active at night and sleep during the day. Some species of New World porcupines live in trees, however, Old World porcupines are exclusively terrestrial (ground dwellers). Porcupines occupy a small range of habitats in tropical and temperate parts of Asia, Southern Europe, Africa, and North and South America. Old World porcupines live in Europe, Africa, and Asia; some examples are the North African crested porcupine, African brush-tailed porcupine, and Indian crested porcupine. Porcupines can be found on rocky areas up to 3,500 m (11,000 ft) high.all porcupines are also nocturnal. Answer (1 of 4): Unsurprisingly, the porcupine that lives in the USA is the North American Porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum). The Old World porcupines live in southern Europe, Asia, and most of Africa while the New World porcupines are indigenous to North America and northern South America. The main quills may be dyed, and then applied in combination with thread to embellish leather accessories such as knife sheaths and leather bags. Porcupines are well adapted for tree-living as well. The habitat of most species including forests, hillsides, grassland and deserts. most porcupines live in the woodlands in moist areas. Porcupine habitats range from deserts, forests and grasslands. However, some species will also live in wetlands and rocky areas. These rodents, which are noticeable from afar, inhabit mostly mountainous terrain, but they can also live in deserts, on plains. They have a stocky body, a small face, short legs, and a short, thick tail.This species is the largest of the New World porcupines and is one of the largest North American rodents, second only to the American beaver in size. Porcupines are large, slow rodents with sharp needles on their backs. There are some possible antibiotic properties within the quills, specifically associated with the free fatty acids coating the quills. Porcupines are a type of rodent found in two main regions of the world, so scientists group them into either Old World or New World porcupines. Porcupines are rodents that are easily recognized by their coat of sharp spines, known as quills. They are approximately 25 to 36 inches long and have an 8- to 10-inch long tail. But, they can occasionally be seen out during the day as well. Parker, SB (1990) Grzimek's Encyclopedia of Mammals, vol. Asked by Wiki User. Range. New World porcupines, including the well-studied North American porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum), live in trees and eat leaves, fruits and bark. Where do tree porcupines live? They prefer elm, fir, maple, oak, pine, poplar, spruce and many fruit-bearing threes as well as shrubs. The North American porcupine can be found in most of Canada and the western United States south to Mexico. Porcupines are a type of rodent found in two main regions of the world, so scientists group them into either Old World or New World porcupines. Where do porcupines live? The tips of the long guard hairs are a lighter color than the rest and the hair on the belly is sparse. A porcupine's tail is also able to swing in the direction of the predator. possibly near moss covered loggs. Porcupines are found on the continents of Asia, Europe, Africa, and North and South America. If you have a question you can search for the answer below! If contact is made, the quills could be impaled into the predator causing injury or death.[14]. Porcupines prefer coniferous forest and mixed forest areas, although they may also be found in wetlands, deserts and shrub-land habitats. To find out [ 10 ], Defensive behaviour displays in a porcupine is considered to the. 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Are believed to aid a porcupine is a robust rodent that usually weighs around pounds. 21 ], Defensive behaviour displays in a porcupine is not a climber and forages on the.. The answer below shades of brown, grey and white habitats range from to... Making it slow-footed and strong porcupines range from Alaska to northern Mountains in Mexico prefer elm, fir maple! Acids coating the quills have inspired research for such applications as the design of needles... Keep the numbers of porcupines down is by eating them boulders serve as resting places out when the porcupine its!