Control and management recommendations vary according to individual circumstances. They resemble rhubarb at a glance, but rhubarb leaves are glossy, while burdock leaves are matte and somewhat fuzzy on the underside. A stout flowering stalk is formed in the second year. A stout flowering stalk is formed in the second year. Location, habitat, weather, and a variety of other conditions are factors that help determine the best treatment choice. The name burdock comes from the Greek origin of Arctium, which translates roughly to bear. To find the safest and most effective treatment for your situation, consult your state’s land-grant institution. But young burdock leaves, cut before the plant flowers, are rich in protein and minerals. During the first year of growth, the plant forms a basal rosette with 2-5 large, wedge shaped leaves up to 28 inches (70 cm) long and 14 inches (36 cm) wide. Burdock is best recognized as a stout, common weed with annoying burrs that stick to animal fur and clothing. Lesser burdock can become a problematic invader of pastures, hay fields, and open prairie ecosystems. It grows an extremely deep taproot, up to 30 cm (12 in) into the ground. The roasted root is a coffee substitute. Burdock is one of the foremost detoxifying herbs in both Chinese and Western herbal medicine[254]. 1985. The flower heads of lesser burdock are pink-purple, up to 2.5 cm wide and have stalks that are usually 0-3 cm long. First-year plants form large rosettes. Burdock is a perennial whose roots, leaves, and sometimes its seeds are used widely in herbal medicine to support liver function and as a cleansing botanical. It is very similar to lesser burdock, but has more lanceolate or triangular leaves that are coarsely toothed; and it has rounder, somewhat larger flowers. A tall (up to 6 ft. [1.8 m]) invasive biennial forb that occurs throughout the United States. This plant grows relatively tall therefore having deep roots which are brownish green, or nearly black on the outside. Lower leaves … Arctium lappa is the main species used, though this species has similar properties[254]. In traditional medicine, it is the dark roots — not the plant itself — that offer health benefits. Basal leaves are dark green, heart-shaped, and up to 1 ft. (0.3 m) long. The plant flowers from July through October. Like dandelion and yellow dock, burdock roots are bitter and thus capable of stimulating digestive secretions and aiding digestion. The roasted root is a coffee substitute. Lesser burdock is a tall (up to 6 ft. [1.8 m]) invasive biennial forb that occurs throughout the United States. Arctium lappa, commonly called greater burdock, gobō (牛蒡/ゴボウ), edible burdock, lappa, beggar's buttons, thorny burr, or happy major is a Eurasian species of plants in the Aster family, cultivated in gardens for its root used as a vegetable.It has become an invasive weed of high-nitrogen soils in North America, Australia, and other regions. Richard H. Uva, Joseph C. Neal, and Joseph M. Ditomaso. Burdock Species Arctium minus. Burdock leaves, stalks and roots are edible and can be downright tasty if you know how to prepare them. 2015-41595-24254 from the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture. Ken Chamberlain, The Ohio State University. The flowers resemble and can be easily mistaken for thistles, but burdock can be distinguished by its extremely large (up to 50 cm) leaves and its hooked bracts. The basal rosette of leaves stays close to the ground the first year and the beginning of the second. What are invasive species and why should we be concerned about them? The best roots are obtained from young plants. Arctium nemorosum ( Wood Burdock) is rare in VC55, with sessile outer flowers and glabrous flowers; it is very similar to A minus, with differences in the phyllaries; a specimen would be needed for verification. Another burdock that you will find in Wales and throughout the UK is the Greater Burdock, Arctium lappa . It can have glabrous or hairy flowers Growing Information. Burdock is also a diuretic and the roots can be laxative. Hollow petiole to the basal leaves. Common Burdock Arctium minus (Aka Lesser burdock) Overview: An introduced biennial that forms a rosette of leaves the first year, and large, stout flow-ering bolt with many branches the second year. The hooked fruits are reputed to be the inspiration for Velcro. What is the best way and place to report the occurrence of an invasive species? Mucilaginous. Used as a potherb. Burdock Leaves and Flowers. Arctium minus, commonly known as lesser burdock,[2] little burdock, louse-bur, common burdock,[3] button-bur, cuckoo-button,[3] or wild rhubarb,[4] is a biennial plant. Inhibitory effect of burdock leaves on elastase and tyrosinase activity. 4 oz. Name also: Burweed, Louse-bur, Common Burdock, Button-bur, Cuckoo-button, Wild Rhubarb. The shade cast by its large rhubarb like leaves suppresses the growth of neighbouring plants. Sow at any time of the year. Common burdock weed flowers are similar in appearance to certain types of thistle such as Bull Thistle and Musk Thistle. It’s anti-cancer properties similar to broccoli and cabbage. The most common kind of burdock -and likely the one you have growing wild on your property – is the lesser burdock, also known as Arctium minus. The plant forms a low rosette during its first year and develops a tall branched stem during its second year. Lesser burdock is a tall (up to 6 ft. [1.8 m]) invasive biennial forb that occurs throughout the United States. Common burdock (Arctium minus) is a tall, invasive biennial herb known for clinging burs that were not only the inspiration for Velcro, but also for lowering the health and market value of livestock.The burs get tangled in manes and tails of horses, cows and other livestock, and can also damage or de-value the wool of sheep. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. They are thick and tough but their surfaces have a rather soft texture (very short, soft hairs). Burdock root is sometimes used as food. 2017 Oct; 14(4): 3247–3252. Burdock (Arctium spp.) Burdock is a tenacious weed with a massive taproot that does not respond well to herbicide control, plus it has a persistent seed bank. Asterales > Asteraceae > Arctium minus Bernh. This persistent weed sends up a tall flower stalk at the end of its second year, and those flowers dry into tiny spiky balls just waiting for a passerby. Medicinal Uses Recent studies have shown that the extracted oil from the root of Burdock is rich in essential fatty acids and phytosterols. 19, 20 and 21 Page 170 Common or lesser burdock, petite bardane, cibourroche, chou bourache, bourrier, Biota of North America Program 2014 county distribution map, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Arctium_minus&oldid=963530726, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 June 2020, at 09:00. The plants flower and set seed from July to September, depending on your climate. A more or less racemose inflorescence (the outer flowers have short stalks or are stalkless). This work is supported by New Technologies for Agriculture Extension grant no. Its prickly seed heads are designed for dis- Woolly burdock is a more rural plant with no apparent wish to forge a niche for itself in densely populated areas, so given the way the modern world is moving it is no surprise that it has become rarer over the last 20 years. The second year the plant shoots up a seed stalk that will flower into bristly purple burs that will eventually encase Burdock seeds. The leaves are heart-shaped, green on the top side, white on the underside, and are alternately arranged along the stem. It is best to remove the rind from the stem. Common burdock weed is a biennial plant.New growth if visible from early spring onwards. Ohio State Weed Lab , The Ohio State University, Native Species That Resemble Lesser Burdock, Additional Information, Biology, Control and Management Resources, Terrestrial (land-dwelling) invasive species, Aquatic (Water-Dwelling) Invasive Species, Public Outreach and Education Materials (Invasive species), United States Land-Grant University System. Arctium minus has been reported from Delaware and Texas; I have not seen specimens.. Arctium minus is a complex species with many variants that have been recognized at ranks ranging from forma to species (J. Arènes 1950). Stem leaves are large, heart-shaped, and very hairy on the undersides. (Source: Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States), Up-to-the-minute distribution maps and why they are important. Flowers are enclosed in a prickly bur. Dandelion leaves. Lesser burdock takes two to four years to reach maturity. Usually peeled and sliced. 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