Line should value the special skills of staff and similarly the staff should try to appreciate the difficulties in implementing new ideas. The advice of staff should be realistic and practicable. The staff officers may also not be clear about their exact role. Following are the disadvantages of functional organization: i. Proper demarcation of their fields and mutual trust can help in improving the efficiency of both line and staff personnel. Read this article to learn about the types, functions, advantages and conflicts of line and staff organisation. This is because each department manager is concerned only with the activities of his own department. It is physically not possible for him to learn and acquir… The unity of command is maintained in this type of organisation. Existence of too many cross relationships leads to complicity which creates overlapping, confusion and conflicts. Therefore, employees are skilled in tasks pertaining to their departments alone. Plagiarism Prevention 4. Staff authority should be restricted to a purely advisory role. This creates better understanding and discipline among employees. With the appointment of staff officers the burden of the officers is greatly reduced. They will be able to devote their time in supervising the implementation of various plans and policies. They will feel unimportant and the quality of advice will also be adversely affected. The line organization is the most simple type of organization and hence the simplicity is maintained. 4. Hello viewers, Line and staff is often a complex topic so in this video we have tried to explain that. Let us learn in detail about the Line and Staff Organization of a firm. (iv) Advice given by the staff is not always sound. Line and staff style of organization is the mechanism involving division of work and labor and also specializatio n in such a way t hat there are line managers and staff m anagers. The line organization has the following advantages:1. Encourages Carelessness: As the staff officer is not concerned with the execution of the plan, he may not take proper precautions and care before he advises the line officer. (ii) Line officers reject the advice without giving reasons. Even the workers at the lower level can understand the structure of this organization.2. Line-staff organization, in management, approach in which authorities (e.g., managers) establish goals and directives that are then fulfilled by staff and other workers.A line-staff organizational structure attempts to render a large and complex enterprise more flexible without sacrificing managerial authority.. The Personal Assistant or the Private Secretary etc. They should be given authority like line officers in supervising the implementation of their suggestions. TOS 7. They should state reasons in case they cannot accept the advice. 3. Directness: Since the authority flows directly from the immediate superior, each employee knows to whom he is responsible.3. Disadvantages Of Line And Staff Organization ... Also Read: Advantages Of Line And Staff Organization. They are actual doers and generally do not possess specialized knowledge to solve complex problems. Persons with specialized knowledge are … Thus, the organization takes advantage of functional organization while maintaining the unity of command. The present staff will enable the expansion and growth of unit. 7. They try to persuade the line for implementing whatever they have suggested. They tend to give advice which has not been tested earlier. It is complicated for the top level management to handle the subordinates of line and staff. Copyright 10. These conflicts are not based on ideologies. The limits of authority of both line and staff should be prescribed clearly. Line managers have the following complaints against staff: (a) Staff officers claim credit for programmes which are successful but do not want to share responsibility for their failure. (iii) Line officers are slow to accept new ideas and they resist change. The quantum of authority is highest at the top and reduces at each successive level down the hierarchy. The line and staff organisation is quite suitable for growth and expansion. Advantages and Disadvantages of Functional Organizational Structure Sound Decisions: In this type, the decisions are made by experts and hence, there is a possibility of making sound managerial decisions. An advantage of a line-and-staff organization is the availability of technical specialists. 3. 5. Conflict amongst Foremen: Under this type, foreman of equal rank will be many in number and this may lead to conflict among them. Under this, the line of authority flows vertically downward from top to bottom throughout the organization. The responsibility for operations lies with line officers while staff officers only advise. 1. (b) Staff people feel that their advice is not properly implemented by the line personnel. The advantages are mentioned below. In this type, a greater variety of responsible jobs are available and this provides more opportunities for advancement of capable workers. Disclaimer 9. 2. Hence, there is greater flexibility in the organisation. Privacy Policy 8. (v) Staff take credit if the programme (as per the advice of the staff) is successful and blame the line if it is not successful. (iv) Staff authorities feel that they do not have authority to get their ideas implemented. The viewpoints of both line and staff of this conflict are given below: A. The line officers, on the other hand, complain of interference by staff persons in the day-to-day working. They may try to dominate the implementation part of their advice. The workers get command from line personnel and are accountable directly to them for their performance. The best part of staff training is that the organization and productivity increases. 3. Thus, this syste… 1) Simplicity. There is a lack of understanding and both try to dominate each other. Image Guidelines 5. The planning part is generally undertaken by staff personnel and line officers are able to devote much time for execution. 1. Over-dependence on staff will make line officers less creative. Expert Advice: The staff officers provide expert advice and guidance to line officers and by this, the enterprise as a whole gets benefit. This type of organisation is very expensive because a large number of specialists are appointed. Title: advantages and disadvantages of line follower and obstacle detection robot Page Link: advantages and disadvantages of line … Line and Staff Organization: Line and staff organization is a combination of functional and line structure. Advantage And Disadvantage Of Line Staff Structure. 1. 4. Relief to Line Executives: The Staff officers look after the detailed analysis of each important managerial activity which is a big relief to the line officers. They have the same background as that of line officers. Promotional chances increase for deserving persons. 3. The Staff Viewpoint. It explains the tasks of every worker in an organization. This type of organization was followed in the military so this is also called as the military organization. Confusion: If the pattern of authority relationship between line and staff executives is not clearly indicated, there may be considerable confusion throughout the organisation. 2. The line officers can take balanced and quick decisions. The separation of functions of ‘planning’ and ‘doing’ also helps in creating more and more job opportunities. They are attached to important functionaries as their deputies, etc. As we plan our careers, which do we seek? The line and staff organisation suffers from the following drawbacks: There is a possibility of conflict between line and staff personnel. Line and staff organization has greater flexibility, in the sense that new specialized activities can be added … Content Filtrations 6. Line and staff structure is based on the assumption that both will help and support each other. All the complaints of both line and staff personnel are based on lack of understanding. Disadvantages of a Line Organization A line organization can suffer from a lack of specialization. The line organisation represents the structure in a direct vertical relationship through which authority flows. The blame for unsuccessful tasks is thrust on line managers even though they act on the advice of the staff. 2. The burden of line staff is eased by the appointment of specialists. The staff officers feel ignored at the hands of line officers. Academic library - free online college e textbooks - info{at}ebrary.net - © 2014 - 2020. These persons help their bosses in every possible way. The following diagram shows line and staff organisation: This organisation has the following advantages: Line and staff organisation introduces specialization in a systematic manner. They feel themselves superior to line officers. Advantages of Line and Staff Organisation: Disadvantages of Line and Staff Organisation. There will be a lack of co-ordination between line and staff. concept "Matrix-Organisation" exists. (d) Staff officers do not have authority to implement their ideas. Line managers are formal and legitimate authorities, as per the organizational hierarchy of a company. 4. The persons being experts in their fields, they demand higher emoluments. Confusion: If the pattern of authority relationship between line and staff executives is not clearly indicated, there may be considerable confusion throughout the organisation. Whenever there is a need for certain a decision, they will be able to devote time and decide the things. The line officers become habituated for advice on staff. Staff personnel have the following complaints: (a) Line officers do not make proper use of expert knowledge of the staff. (c) Line officers are not generally enthusiastic about the new ideas suggested by the staff. This organisation provides scope for advancement of career to able and dedicated employees. They do not consult staff personnel at the planning level where they can make practical suggestions. Further, they would pass them as they receive in the form of their orders. Flexibility: Staff can be added to the line and new activities may be introduced without disturbing the line procedure. Their specialized knowledge is an asset to the organisation. 4. Burden For Management. In line organisat… Overlapping of functions will create confusion and disorder among employees. Both line and staff should try to understand each other's responsibilities and difficulties and try to co-operate with each other for the achievement of enterprise objectives. They serve line and other staff in planning, organizing and coordinating their work. Staff training is mandatory and can be forced to be conducted in all organizations for the various benefits it brings in. (b) Staff officers are more theoretical than practical. 2. The routine work of line officers is mostly handled by the personal staff. Thus, this system may encourage carelessness on the part of the staff officer. (d) Though staff officers are well qualified and have good knowledge of their field but try to dominate line officers. They may be appointed as Deputy Managers, Assistant Managers, Special Assistants, etc. 5. They refer everything to staff for advice. They trespass their field of activity and enter the area meant for line people. Advice is only theoretical and unrealistic. They may also be casual in their approach because the whole blame for non-performance lies with line. Encourages Carelessness: As the staff officer is not concerned with the execution of the plan, he may not take proper precautions and care before he advises the line officer. They are not accountable for the actual results of operations. Advice Ignored: As the staff officers lack authority to put their recommendations into practice, their advice may be ignored by the line executives. 1. (ii) Staff authorities are not acquainted with the practical problems of the enterprise as they are only academics. 2. ii. Line authority flows from top to bottom and the line executive is directly concerned with the accomplishment of primary objectives. Staff people are consulted only as a last resort. Line officers will be able to devote much time for future planning. The choice of the organizational structure depends on the size of the firm among other factors. But often there are conflicts between the two and both accuse each other. The biggest disadvantage of line organization is that since it is one man show the lack of specialization is clearly visible in such type of organization as each job requires different skill to complete the job effectively and efficiently and one man cannot learn all the skills alone so there will be always that lack of knowledge or specialization in case of line organization. They will not give much thought to any activity since advice will be available from staff. Every company has an organizational structure. Welingkar’s Distance Learning Division We Learn – A Continuous Learning Forum Advantages of line and staff organisation Disadvantages of line and staff organisation Facilitates to work faster and better If powers are not defined then get confusion Specialization is attained Line officers may reject advice without any reason for their action Enables to utilize experience and advice Staff … Line authority and staff authority conf… Advantages of Line Organization. This type of tendency creates conflict and friction between line and staff officials. It helps the employees understand the hierarchy and the communication channels of the firm. The specialists help line officers in deciding things regarding their lines of specialization. The line officers will have sufficient time to take various decisions. DISADVANTAGES:- 1.Dual command 2.Lacking of sound advice 3.Line and staff conflicts 4.Costly structure 5.Authority assumptions. Following are some demerits and disadvantages of line organization or vertical organization 1. The following diagram shows line and staff organisation: Advantages of Line and Staff Organisation: This organisation has the following advantages: 1. Above mentioned are a few advantages and disadvantages of staff training, benefits, and the importance of staff training. Line employees (Managers) directly contribute towards the organizational goals. Matrix organization for a small and large business: An outline, advantages, disadvantages, conclusion. Every person in the organization is in the direct chain of command. The staff advice may be confused with line orders. ADVANTAGES OF LINE AND STAFF ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE 2. The Line Viewpoint. The staff personnel do not interfere with the executive work of line officers. Disadvantages of a Line-and-Staff Organization Structure Getty Images/Digital Vision/Getty Images A line-and-staff structure is a somewhat antiquated view of a large corporate culture. Conflict between Line and Staff: One more important disadvantage is the conflict between the line and staff officers. Without power they will not get prestige in the organisation. The line officers are left with routine administrative work. Specialization: Line and staff organisation introduces specialization in a systematic manner. Here his level of efficiency is not the same that is why most of the time the organization activities suffer due to overloading. When staff Specialists are incorporated into the organization and are placed upon the same (line) Authoritative level as the line executives. Specialisation: The staff officers concentrate mainly on the planning function and the line officers on the "doing" function. ... advantages, disadvantages and application ". 2. Advice Ignored: As the staff officers lack authority to put their recommendations into practice, their advice may be ignored by the line executives. Content Guidelines 2. These are technically qualified persons who provide service to the whole organisation. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Personal staff is attached to individual line officers. This type of situation helps in solving many issues which would have created difficulties if timely decisions would not have been taken. 6. Speed of Action: As control is divided among the various specialists, the speed of action is very much hampered. Over loading.The executive is overloaded at each level of organization. There are several things he must manage independently. Prohibited Content 3. The staff authority is assigned the following functions: It has to discharge the functions such as: It has to help in co-ordination of work among different departments. There is a lack of responsibility for staff officials. Line officers do not consult staff while implementing the advice. Line officers should give due consideration to staff advice. This type of structure is called a functional organizational structure or line and functional organization. But the authority with the staff managers is less concrete. Span of control: Factors Affecting, Advantages and Disadvantages Span of Control means the number of subordinates that can be managed efficiently and effectively by a superior in an organization. This staff consists of persons attached to the key executives. Expensive: This type requires the appointment of a large number of experts involving heavy expenditure. They resist new things and insist on following the traditions. As principle of unity of command is not followed, there are conflicts among staff experts and line executives leading to physical and financial loss. The key difference between line authority and staff authority is that line authority reflects superior-subordinate relationships characterized by the power of decision making whereas staff authority refers to the right to advice on improving the effectiveness for line employees in performing their duties. Authority is related to decision–making power, which is a key aspect in any type of organization. There are only line… 1. They emphasize their field of specialization without giving much thought to the overall interest of the company. By this method, specialisation is attained. It suggests how the relations are designed between a superior and a subordinate in an organization. So important are both line and staff roles in a large organization that it’s difficult to be an effective leader without having experienced both. Discipline: Since workers have to work under different bosses, it is difficult to maintain discipline among them. 5. 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