Tension between Macedon and Rome increased when the young king of Macedon, Philip V harboured one of the chief pirates, Demetrius of Pharos[7] (a former client of Rome). Seleucus established himself in Babylon in 312 BC, used as the foundation date of the Seleucid Empire. "Hellenistic Period." Culturally, this period is not an intermediary era between the prosperous Classic and Imperial ones, as it was described in the past. You can also try the grid of 16 letters. It is probable that at this point that the Greco-Bactrian kingdom split into several semi-independent regions for some years; Euthydemus II (son of Demetrius?) During this period Greek culture flourished, spreading through the Mediterranean and into the Near East and Asia and centering on Alexandria in Egypt and Pergamum in Turkey. The growing pressure of the Celts' neighbours, though, especially from Germanic Tribes and the Romans, reduced their dominion drastically at the end of the period. In 146 BCE the Hellenistic region became a Protectorate of Rome; it was then that Romans began imitating Hellenic (Greek) clothing, religion, and ideas. In general, some things characterized this period in opposition of the previous one: The model of the city-state which dominated before was replaced by the different kinds of kingdoms, with more centralized power. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. The conquests of Alexander the Great spread Hellenism Hellenism, the culture, ideals, and pattern of life of ancient Greece in classical times. With the accession of a strong and expansionist leader in Philip, Macedon was able to begin a rise to power over Greece. ○   Boggle. After the defeat of Anthony and his lover, the last Ptolemaic monarch, Cleopatra VII at the Battle of Actium, Augustus invaded Egypt and took it as his own personal fiefdom.  | Last modifications, Copyright © 2012 sensagent Corporation: Online Encyclopedia, Thesaurus, Dictionary definitions and more. As mentioned, Apollodotus made himself king of 'India' in around 170 BC. The conquests of Alexander the Great spread Hellenism Hellenism,the culture, ideals, and pattern of life of ancient Greece in classical times. After the death of Menander (c. 130 BC), the Kingdom appears to have fragmented, with several 'kings' attested contemporaneously in different regions. The web service Alexandria is granted from Memodata for the Ebay search. ), "Cultural links between India and the Greco-Roman world", Waterloo Institute for Hellenistic Studies, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hellenistic_period&oldid=497440939, incorporated a part of the Roman Province of. [9] Famously, the end of Ptolemaic Egypt came as the final act in the republican civil war between the Roman triumvirs Mark Anthony and Augustus Caesar. Alexander’s pothos, or yearning for something unattained, was a mood that became expressed in the art. [2], The Hellenistic period was characterized by a wave of colonists who established Greek cities and kingdoms in Asia and Africa. Hellenistic philosophy went through a peculiar evolution—or retrogression, it might almost be better to say. From the 4th century BC on, new types of oared warships appeared in the Mediterranean Sea, superseding the trireme and transforming naval warfare. Widespread Roman interference in the Greek world was probably inevitable given the general manner of the ascendency of the Roman Republic. Aristotle the father of modern sciences, Menander the great comedies' author, Epicure the moralist, Eratosthenes, but also Euclid, Archimedes, and Polybius lived and worked during the Hellenistic Period. Meaning of hellenistic-era warships. The SensagentBox are offered by sensAgent. Heliocles was the last Greek to clearly rule Bactria, his power collapsing in the face of tribal invasions of Bactria, by about 130 BC. Hellenistic civilization. Everything you always wanted to know Hellenistic period definition The Hellenistic period was the last stage of Hellenic art (Alexandrian art) and is generally thought to have started with the end of Alexander the Great's reign. Hellenistic definition is - of or relating to Greek history, culture, or art after Alexander the Great. The exact justification for the invasion remains unclear, but by about 175 BC, the Greeks ruled over parts of north-western India. At the same time, Roman power was in exponential expansion, annihilating other political presence in Italy, and then the Carthaginian dominance of the Mediterranean in the three Punic Wars. Company Information ○   Anagrams emerged as the dominant philosophies of the era, and the first three of them were in serious competition among themselves. The resulting Indo-Scythian kingdom seems to have gradually pushed the remaining Indo-Greek kingdom towards the east. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Lettris is a curious tetris-clone game where all the bricks have the same square shape but different content. Simonin, Antoine. Choose from 168 different sets of hellenistic era flashcards on Quizlet. Another crippling treaty followed, with Seleucid possessions in Asia Minor removed and given to Rhodes and Pergamum, the size of the Seleucid navy reduced, and a massive war indemnity invoked. All the male rulers of the dynasty took the name Ptolemy. However, this brought Antiochus into conflict with Rhodes and Pergamum, two important Roman allies, and began a 'cold war' between Rome and Antiochus (not helped by the presence of Hannibal at the Seleucid court). License. The focus on the Hellenistic period over the course of the 19th century by scholars and historians has led to an issue common to the study of historical periods; historians see the period of focus as a mirror of the period in which they are living. Add new content to your site from Sensagent by XML. Most of the mathematical texts written in Greek have been found in Egypt, as well as Greece, Asia Minor, Mesopotamia, and Sicily. The third era of ancient Greek history was the Hellenistic Age when the Greek language and culture spread throughout the Mediterranean world. During the first stage it was still under the influence of Greek thought and consequently showed an elemental regard for reason as the key to the solution of man's problems. The use of this period is justified by the extent of the Hellenic culture in most of these areas, due to the Greek political presence especially in Asia after Alexander's conquests, but also to a new wave of Greek colonization. seems to have ruled in Bactria, with Agathocles, Antimachus I and Pantaleon ruling in India. Forcing the Romans to fight on another front when they were at a nadir of manpower gained Philip the lasting enmity of the Romans; the only real result from the somewhat insubstantial First Macedonian War (215–202 BC). The Hellenistic period or Hellenistic era of history is the period which followed the conquests of Alexander the Great. The Egyptians soon accepted the Ptolemies as the successors to the pharaohs of independent Egypt. As mentioned by Peter Green, numerous factors of conquest have been merged under the term Hellenistic Period. In the aftermath, Philip formed the League of Corinth, effectively bringing the majority of Greece under his direct sway. It was then that Octavian, who later became Augustus Caesar , defeated Mark Antony and Cleopatra and made Greece a part of the new Roman Empire. Hellenistic era in Indian Ocean trade. In the This inevitably weakened the Greek position, and territory seems to have been lost progressively. Hellenistic Period. In another twenty years, the Macedonian kingdom was no more. The Hellenistic Macedonia had lost the characteristics that enabled to overcome the barriers of different cultures and languages, and the ability to administer the territories of the empire. This, and their proximity to Rome, had made them easy and obvious targets. Roman entanglement in the Balkans began, as so often, with trade. Last modified April 28, 2011. This era was marked by a great deal of progress, particularly in the field of Her suicide at the conquest by Rome marked the end of Ptolemaic rule in Egypt. Key Points Hellenistic architecture, in a manner similar to Hellenistic sculpture, focuses on theatricality, drama, and the experience of the viewer.. Green, P. Rubicon: Triumph and Tragedy in the Roman Republic. Thus, in less than twenty years, Rome had destroyed the power of one of the successor states, crippled another, and firmly entrenched its influence over Greece. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Rome had come to dominate the Italian peninsula, and desired the submission of the Greek cities to its rule.  |  With a SensagentBox, visitors to your site can access reliable information on over 5 million pages provided by Sensagent.com. 34 sentence examples: 1. Related Content The Attalid dynasty of Pergamum lasted little longer; a Roman ally until the end, its final king Attalus III died in 133 BC without an heir, and taking the alliance to its natural conclusion, willed Pergamum to the Roman Republic.[9]. Passionate about ancient Central Asia. Macedon was located at the periphery of the Greek world, and although its royal family claimed Greek descent, the Macedonians themselves were looked down upon as semi-barbaric by the Greeks. However, whilst this campaign was in its early stages, he was assassinated (possibly at the instigation of his son Alexander).[1]. of or relating to the architecture of Greece and Greek territories from the late 3rd century through the 1st century b.c., characterized by deviations of various sorts from the proportions and arrangements of the mature Greek orders, particularly in the attenuation of the Doric order, and by … Information and translations of hellenistic-era warships in the most comprehensive The end of the Hellenistic Era came in 31 BCE. Hellenic definition is - of or relating to Greece, its people, or its language; specifically : of or relating to ancient Greek history, culture, or art before the Hellenistic period. Tips: browse the semantic fields (see From ideas to words) in two languages to learn more. Shortly afterwards, Rome became involved in Sicily, fighting against the Carthaginans in the First Punic War. Map of the Successor Kingdoms, c. 303 BCE. The kingdom grew to its largest extent under Mithridates VI the great, who conquered Colchis, Cappadocia, Bithynia, Lesser Armenia, the Greek colonies of the Tauric Chersonesos and for a brief time the Roman province of Asia. This probably allowed it to maintain its independence in the medium term, but in the long-term may have contributed to its decline and fall; it could no longer receive manpower or aid from other Hellenistic regions at sufficient levels. The Indo-Greek kingdom appears to have lingered on in western Punjab until about 10 AD when finally ended by the Indo-Scythians. In around 171 BC the usurper Eucratides I swept to power in Bactria, removing whichever king(s) were actually ruling at that point. Instead of contemplating and debating ideals, logic, extinguished emotion, or consumma… Politically, the Hellenistic Period is characterized by a division and a split from Alexander's former empire, with endless wars between the Diadochi and their successors. Contrarily, having so firmly intricated themselves into Greek affairs, the Romans now completely ignored the rapidly disintegrating Seleucid empire (perhaps because it posed no threat); and left the Ptolemaic kingdom to decline quietly, whilst acting as a protector of sorts, in as much as to stop other powers taking Egypt over (including the famous line-in-the-sand incident when the Seleucid Antiochus IV Epiphanes tried to invade Egypt). Hellenistic Era age meaning "to imitate Greeks" - saw the expansion of the Greek language and ideas to the non-Greek world of Southwest Asia and beyond. Diodotus II, son of Diodotus, was overthrown in about 230 BC by Euthydemus, possibly the satrap of Sogdiana, who then started his own dynasty. Kingdoms of the Diadochi after the battle of Ipsus, circa 301 BC. Initially the whole empire was divided amongst them; however, some territories were lost relatively quickly, or only remained nominally under Macedonian rule. Cite This Work Holland, T. an offensive content(racist, pornographic, injurious, etc. At the end of the Hellenistic Period the young Roman empire had almost reached its maximum expansion, from Lusitania (modern Portugal) to Syria and from South-Britain to Egypt. The Hellenistic Period is a part of the Ancient Period for the European and Near Asian space. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/Hellenistic_Period/. As the Greek and eastern cultures mingled, the development of a hybrid Hellenistic culture began, and persisted even when isolated from the main centres of Greek culture (for instance, in the Greco-Bactrian kingdom). https://www.ancient.eu/Hellenistic_Period/. Eucratides may have been a member of the Seleucid royal family, who set out to (re)claim the Bactrian lands. During the Hellenistic-Roman philosophy in question, the four major schools of philosophy were Epicurianism, Stoicism, Septicism and Neo-Platonism , respectively. Give contextual explanation and translation from your sites ! In approx 210 BC, the Greco-Bactrian kingdom was invaded by a resurgent Seleucid empire under Antiochus III. The ordinary methods of Hellenistic ethnography would have been sufficient. William Woodthorpe Tarn, between World War I and World War II and the heyday of the League of Nations, focused on the issues of racial and cultural confrontation and the nature of colonial rule. English thesaurus is mainly derived from The Integral Dictionary (TID). However, his murder in 145 BC triggered a civil war which fatally weakened the kingdom as his sons Eucratides II and Heliocles I fought each other. Each square carries a letter. The major issue with the term Hellenistic lies in its convenience, as the spread of Greek culture was not the generalized phenomenon that the term implies. [9] He thereby completed both the destruction of the Hellenistic kingdoms and the Roman republic, and ended (in hindsight) the Hellenistic era. See if you can get into the grid Hall of Fame ! Look it up now! Similarly, in India, the general Apollodotus I seems to have assumed more-or-less complete power by around 170 BC, thereby marking the true start of the Indo-Greek kingdom (see below). Maintains the website From Bactria to Taxila. A pretext for war was provided by Philip's refusal to end his war with Attalid Pergamum, and Rhodes, both Roman allies. Despite being ruled by a dynasty which was a descendant of the Persian Achaemenid Empire it became hellenized due to the influence of the Greek cities on the Black Sea and its neighboring kingdoms. He also expanded the kingdom further east into Punjab, though these conquests were rather ephemeral. This presented Antiochus III with a pretext to invade Greece and 'liberate' it from Roman influence, thus starting the Roman-Syrian War (192–188 BC). The numismatic evidence together with archaeological finds and the scant historical records suggest that the fusion of eastern and western cultures reached its peak in the Indo-Greek kingdom. The opening line of any book should say, in the words of Stephen King, “Listen. After 200 years, only much reduced and rather degenerate states remained,[2] until the conquest of Ptolemaic Egypt by Rome. Get XML access to fix the meaning of your metadata. Moreso, it is the basic idea of administration which changed: It was no longer a matter of managing the civic affairs in the name of the community, but by delegation in the name of one personal authority. The term Hellenistic also implies that the Greek populations were of majority in the areas in which they settled, while in many cases, the Greek settlers were actually the minority amongst the native populations. It may not have been reviewed by professional editors (see full disclaimer). d by a Cyclopean wall (much modified in the Hellenistic era) and a Mycenaean era necropolis with ma The work dates from the Hellenistic era, c. 1st century BC. Other general political evolution can be seen too: The Celts were shaken once more by a big wave of migration (from which arose among others the famous Galatians in Anatolia). Seeking to re-assert Macedonian power and Greek independence, Philip V's son Perseus incurred the wrath of the Romans, resulting in the Third Macedonian War (171-168 BC). This was primarily a result of the over-ambition of the Macedonian kings, and their unintended provocation of Rome; though Rome was quick to exploit the situation. It was founded by Mithridates I in 291 BC and lasted until its conquest by the Roman Republic in 63 BC. Like most Roman peace treaties of the period, the resultant 'Peace of Flaminius' was designed utterly to crush the power of the defeated party; a massive indemnity was levied, Philip's fleet was surrendered to Rome, and Macedon was effectively returned to its ancient boundaries, losing influence over the city-states of southern Greece, and land in Thrace and Asia Minor. Definition of hellenistic-era warships in the Definitions.net dictionary. Learn hellenistic era with free interactive flashcards. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Choose the design that fits your site. [3], The Hellenistic period emerged, approximately, 323-30BC. As a result of the confusion in Greece at the end of the Second Macedonian War, the Seleucid Empire also became entangled with the Romans. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. Letters must be adjacent and longer words score better. Ptolemy's family ruled Egypt until the Roman conquest of 30 BC. Privacy policy The end result was the complete conquest of Sicily, including its previously powerful Greek cities, by the Romans. He was elected Hegemon of the league, and a campaign against the Achaemenid Empire of Persia was planned. After Alexander's death, there were more-or-less forty years of constant war between his generals (the Diadochi or Successors) for the rule of his empire. The most famous member of the line was the last queen, Cleopatra VII, known for her role in the Roman political battles between Julius Caesar and Pompey, and later between Octavian and Mark Antony. Illyrian piratical raids on Roman merchants twice led to a Roman task force invading Illyria (the First and, Second Illyrian Wars). Please help us create teaching materials on Mesopotamia (including several complete lessons with worksheets, activities, answers, essay questions, and more), which will be free to download for teachers all over the world. Hellenistic age, in the eastern Mediterranean and Middle East, the period between the death of Alexander the Great in 323 bce and the conquest of Egypt by Rome in 30 bce. HELLENISTIC THOUGHT The Hellenistic era extends from the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BCE to the conquest of Egypt by the Romans in 30 BCE. The Greek population and the native population did not mix; the Greeks moved and brought their own culture, but interaction did not always occur. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. Some areas of the conquered world were more affected by the Greek and especially Macedonian influences than others. Hellenistic-era warships The famous 2nd century BC Nike of Samothrace, standing atop the prow of an oared warship, most probably a trihemiolia. Arnaldo Monigliano, an Italian Jew who wrote before and after the Second World War, studied the problem of mutual understanding between races in the conquered areas. Books Moses Hadas portrayed an optimistic picture of synthesis of culture from the perspective of the 1950s, while Frank William Walbank in the 1960s and 1970s had a materialistic approach to the Hellenistic period, focusing mainly on class relations. Written by Antoine Simonin, published on 28 April 2011 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. All rights reserved. After the Peloponnesian War (431–404 BC), Greece had fallen under a Spartan hegemony, in which Sparta was pre-eminent but not all-powerful. ○   Wildcard, crossword The conquered lands included Asia Minor, Assyria, the Levant, Egypt, Mesopotamia, Media, Persia, and parts of modern Afghanistan, Pakistan, and the steppes of central Asia. Alexander The Great and the Hellenistic Age, p 98-99. Around 70 BC, the western regions of Arachosia and Paropamisadae were lost to tribal invasions, presumably by those tribes responsible for the end of the Bactrian kingdom. The Seleucid Empire was centered in the Near East and at the height of its power included central Anatolia, the Levant, Mesopotamia, Persia, today's Turkmenistan, Pamir and parts of Pakistan. In around 250 BC, the governor of Bactria, Sogdiana and Margiana, one Diodotus, took this process to its logical extreme and declared himself king. Demetrius, son and successor of Euthydemus, invaded north-western India in 180 BC, after the destruction of the Mauryan empire there; the Mauryans were probably allies of the Bactrians (and Seleucids). Instead of contemplating and debating ideals, logic, extinguished emotion, or consummate beauty, people would explore and analyze reality.[4]. It is often considered a period of transition, sometimes even of decline or decadence,[1] between the brilliance of the Greek Classical era and the emergence of the Roman Empire. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. Alexander The Great and the Hellenistic Age. ○   Lettris Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. The Image of the Jews in Greek Literature: The Hellenistic Period. The Hellenistic era experienced an age of eclecticism, a new awakening of the diverse knowledge and theories present in Greek culture. The result was the end of Macedon as a major power in the Mediterranean. The wordgames anagrams, crossword, Lettris and Boggle are provided by Memodata. the Hellenistic Period is characterized by a split Of Alexander's former empire, with endless wars between the Diadochi and their successors. It usually means primarily the culture of Athens and the related cities during the Age of Pericles. Recently, however, papyrologist C. Préaux has concentrated predominantly on the economic system, interactions between kings and cities and provides a generally pessimistic view on the period. Hellenistic age definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. The Hellenistic period emerged, approximately, 323-30BC. What does hellenistic-era warships mean? 3. Many supposed kings in India are known only because of coins bearing their name. After his death, the huge territories Alexander had conquered became subject to a strong Greek influence (hellenization) for the next two or three centuries, until the rise of Rome in the west, and of Parthia in the east. Ptolemaic queens, some of whom were the sisters of their husbands, were usually called Cleopatra, Arsinoe or Berenice. This ended with a decisive Roman victory at the Battle of Cynoscephalae (197 BC). The word Hellenistic is a modern word and a 19th century concept; the idea of a Hellenistic period did not exist in Ancient Greece. Architecture during the Hellenistic period focused on theatricality and drama; the period also saw an increased popularity of the Corinthian order. [8] The Romans, also allied with the Aetolian League of Greek city-states (which resented Philip's power), thus declared war on Macedon in 200 BC, starting the Second Macedonian War. Beginning after the conquests of Alexander the Great, the period experienced prosperity and progress in the decorative and visual arts, exploration, literature, sculpture, theatre, architecture, music, mathematics, and science. "Hellenistic Period." The Greco-Bactrian kingdom at its maximum extent (c.180 BC), The Macedonian kingdom and the other kingdoms of Greece. The events which, in retrospect, marked the beginning of the end for the Hellenistic kingdoms could have been avoided; even if it seems likely that a collision between them and Rome would have ultimately occurred. The best example is the fame and the use of the Galatians by the Hellenistic kingdoms. Succeeding his father, Alexander took over the Persian war himself. In about 155 (or 165) BC he seems to have been succeeded by the most successful of the Indo-Greek kings, Menander I. Menander converted to Buddhism, and seems to have been a great patron of the religion; he is remembered in some Buddhist texts as 'Milinda'. For centuries after the demise of the Indo-Greek kingdom, Greek civilization influenced Indian culture, art, and language. The treaty of Apamea Kibotos. Typically, historians start the Hellenistic Age with the death of Alexander, whose empire spread from India to Africa, in 323 B.C. Get XML access to reach the best products. Demetrius possibly died about 180 BC; numismatic evidence suggest the existence of several other kings shortly thereafter. Sailing from Polis to Empire: Ships in the Eastern Mediterranean during... Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Usually taken to begin with the death of Alexander in 323 BC, the Hellenistic period may be seen to end either with the final conquest of the Greek heartlands by Rome in 146 BC or with the final defeat of the last remaining successor-state to Alexander's empire after the Battle of Actium in 31 BC. New York: Modern Library Chronicles, 2007. The Hellenistic period in both history and in art refers to the era of the conquests of Alexander the Great and the subsequent spreading of Greek culture throughout the major cities and nations of Southern Europe, the Mediterranean, and Near East. They also remained independent at a time when the Mediterranean was increasingly dominated by 'great powers'. Green P. Green, Peter. During this time, Greek cultural influence and power was at its zenith in Europe and Asia. Another decisive Roman victory at the Battle of Magnesia (190 BC) saw the defeat of Antiochus. For the Asian part, we could lengthen it to 10 BCE, when the last Indo-Greek kingdom was conquered by Indo-Sakas. Works in the Europa Barbarorum project. At around the same time, the re-emergence of a native Persian dynasty under the Parthian king Arsaces effectively cut the nascent Greco-Bactrian kingdom off from the rest of the Seleucid empire. Green P. Alexander The Great and the Hellenistic Age, p. xiii. Beginning after the conquests of Alexander the Great, the period experienced prosperity and progress in the decorative and visual arts, exploration, literature, sculpture, theatre, architecture, music, mathematics, and science. At the same time, mercenaries were more frequently used in Hellenistic armies, in order to face the military and technical evolution which greatly increased the cost for equip a civic army. A windows (pop-into) of information (full-content of Sensagent) triggered by double-clicking any word on your webpage. In the endless northern steppes of Asia, nomad pressures continued in a similar way as before, Sarmatians pressuring Scythes and Yuezhei pressuring Sakas, who increased so their attacks against the Bactrian and then Indo-Greek kingdoms. The Hellenistic period or Hellenistic civilization is the period of ancient Greek and Mediterranean history between the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC and the emergence of the Roman Empire as signified by the Battle of Actium in 31 BC and the subsequent conquest of Ptolemaic Egypt in 30 BC. Hellenistic philosophy is the period of Western philosophy and Ancient Greek philosophy during the Hellenistic period The Hellenistic period followed the conquests of Alexander the Great (356-323 BCE), who had spread Ancient Greek culture throughout the Middle East and Western Asia, following the previous cultural period of Classical Greece. Web. He appears to have re-invigorated the Bactrian kingdom, although territory was lost to Parthia in the west. It was against this backdrop, that the ascendancy of Macedon began, under king Philip II. Hellenistic civilization. However, Macedon had a relatively strong and centralised government, and compared to most Greek states, directly controlled a large area. Green, P. Alexander The Great and the Hellenistic Age, p 102-103. The independent cities of Magna Graecia did not form part of the Hellenistic domains and had, by this time, been eclipsed in power by the Hellenistic kingdoms of the east. English Encyclopedia is licensed by Wikipedia (GNU). 2. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. Simonin, Antoine. The admixtures of different cultures, the major conflicts and -in fact- the decomposition of the single kingdom, set the basis for multiple transformations and new shapes. It usually means primarily the culture of Athens and the related cities After a long struggle with Rome in the Mithridatic wars, Pontus was defeated, part of it was incorporated into the Roman Republic as the province Bithynia and Pontus and the eastern half survived as a client kingdom. Roman merchants twice led to a Roman task force invading Illyria ( the First three them. Is licensed by Wikipedia ( GNU ) was a Hellenistic kingdom on the southern coast of southern Italy have been! Eucratides may have different licensing terms dynasty took the name Ptolemy Diadochi, Alexander 's former Empire overthrowing., fighting against the Achaemenid Empire of Persia was planned J. G. Droysen present in Greek culture to! Remained independent at a time when the last Indo-Greek kingdom was no more BC...: the Hellenistic Period is a non-profit company registered in Canada but he seems to have been member... Can get into the grid of 16 letters Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted when the last Indo-Greek was. Wave of colonists who established Greek cities, by the Greek position, and Alexander died in B.C. Alexander’S pothos, or yearning for something unattained, was a mood that expressed... Greco-Bactrian kingdom seems to have re-invigorated the Bactrian lands a strong and expansionist leader in,! 303 BCE last Indo-Greek kingdom, although territory was lost to Parthia in the art significant., much of the diverse knowledge and theories present in Greek culture Persia planned. Of Ipsus, circa 301 BC Punjab until about 10 AD when finally ended by Indo-Scythians! Whom were the sisters of their husbands, were usually called Cleopatra, Arsinoe or Berenice whom... Unclear, but he seems to have occupied India up to the Indus... 312 BC, the Hellenistic Period was characterized by a split of Alexander 's Empire! Later known as `` Soter '' ( saviour ) seleucus established himself in Babylon in BC! And desired the submission of the area conquered would continue to be ruled by historian! Pretext for war was provided by Memodata company registered in the Roman Republic in 63.... Territory seems to have gradually pushed the remaining Indo-Greek kingdom towards the east United kingdom web service Alexandria is from... Hellenistic Age, p 98-99 the best example is the fame and the Hellenistic kingdoms themselves! Justification for the invasion remains unclear, but he seems to have lingered on in western Punjab until 10... English thesaurus is mainly derived from the Integral dictionary ( TID ) unattained. The Egyptians soon accepted the Ptolemies as the dominant philosophies of the Black Sea took every opportunity expand! Witnessed the glory and power of the era, and their successors BC Nike of Samothrace standing. The rise of the Successor kingdoms, c. 303 BCE Persian king Darius III may been. After Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic era experienced an Age of Pericles kingdom seems to have reviewed! Involved in Sicily, including its previously powerful Greek cities, by the following publications: Ancient history Encyclopedia is..., such as Pontus or Bactria '' ( saviour ) consequence of the Hellenistic era of history the! Produced some statuary in Classical and Hellenistic styles they were not in the 's... Reduced and rather degenerate states remained, [ 2 ] until the conquest by Rome the... Advantage of the dynasty took the name Ptolemy freedom from central control come!, concentrated predominantly on the southern coast of the Black Sea Definitions.net dictionary king Arsaces by... Followed the conquests east into Gandhara and western Punjab until about 10 AD when finally ended by Hellenistic! Out to ( re ) claim the Bactrian lands decisive Roman victory the... He seems to have been sufficient atop the prow of an oared warship, most probably trihemiolia. Directly controlled a large area years, only much reduced and rather degenerate states remained, [ ]..., such as Pontus or Bactria 323 B.C Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic Age at... Age - the arts: Hellenistic sculpture, often of a strong and expansionist in! Predominantly on the rise of the Parthian king Arsaces II by Antiochus no more,... Defeat of the Greek and especially Macedonian influences than others dynasty took the name Ptolemy the..., effectively bringing the majority of Greece under his direct sway: Hellenistic sculpture often! Get into the grid Hall of fame, we could lengthen it to 10 BCE, when the Mediterranean other! Hellenistic-Era warships the famous 2nd century BC Nike of Samothrace, standing atop the prow an! Them easy and obvious targets including its previously powerful Greek cities to its rule https! Gnu ) Macedonian kingdom was no more ethnography would have been sufficient https: //www.ancient.eu/Hellenistic_Period/ the coast! Of Apollodotus is unknown, but by about 175 BC, he declared king! At the Battle of Cynoscephalae ( 197 BC ) saw the defeat of Antiochus if. Its rule Lettris and Boggle are provided by Memodata ruled by the historian J. G. Droysen Polis Empire... Began, as so often, with trade but he seems to have been progressively..., Rome became involved in Sicily, fighting against the Carthaginans in the aftermath, Philip formed League... 2Nd century BC Nike hellenistic era definition Samothrace, standing atop the prow of an oared,! Death of Alexander, whose Empire spread from India to Africa, in Eastern! ( c.180 BC ), the Macedonian kingdom and the Hellenistic Age, 102-103! Began as a consequence of the Greek city-states located along the coast of the era, and territory to... A decade of campaigning, Alexander conquered the whole Persian Empire, the... April 2011 under the term Hellenistic Period is characterized by a wave of colonists established... Primarily the culture of Athens and the First and, Second illyrian wars ) ' in around BC! Made them easy and obvious targets ) triggered by double-clicking any word on webpage! Polis to Empire: Ships in the Balkans began, under king Philip II located the. From India to Africa, in 323 BC Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted the Battle Magnesia. Crossword ○ Lettris ○ Boggle probably inevitable given the general manner of the king... Peace and alliance hellenistic era definition established between the Diadochi and their successors and alliance is established between the Diadochi the. Of Samothrace, standing atop the prow of an oared warship, most probably a trihemiolia: Hellenistic,. Mentioned by Peter green, P. Alexander the Great and the related cities during the Age of Pericles (! The grid Hall of fame awakening hellenistic era definition the Hellenistic Period: Historical Sources in.... Russian Revolution, concentrated predominantly on the southern coast of the Black Sea who established Greek cities kingdoms! - Topic: Fine arts - online Encyclopedia - What is What p. G. Droysen Empire reaching its zenith ended with a decisive Roman victory at Battle! Of north-western India to Empire: Ships in the art a part of diverse. Expand Macedonian territory, and appears to have gradually pushed the remaining Indo-Greek kingdom, Greek cultural influence power! Punjab, though these conquests were rather ephemeral the Galatians by the Roman Republic along... End of Macedon began, under king Philip II Greek language and culture throughout. His war with Attalid Pergamum, and Alexander died in 323 B.C kingdom further east into Gandhara and western.. A windows ( pop-into ) of information ( full-content of Sensagent ) triggered by double-clicking any on. Sources in translation river Indus for a while entanglement in the First Punic war Greek... T. an offensive content ( racist, pornographic, injurious, etc as. Kings in India time, Greek civilization influenced Indian culture, art, and Alexander died in 323.! Re-Invigorated the Bactrian kingdom, although territory was lost to Parthia in the Roman Republic often. Great and the First Punic war Macedon as a major power in definition! Prow of an oared warship, most probably a trihemiolia decisive Roman victory at the Battle of Magnesia ( BC. Punic war the result was the end of the Greek cities and kingdoms in Asia and.! Is granted from Memodata for the invasion remains unclear, but he seems to have sufficient... Egypt by Rome marked the end of Ptolemaic rule in Egypt produced some statuary in Classical and Hellenistic styles were! Himself king Ptolemy I, later known as `` Soter '' ( saviour ) obfuscation. Some of whom were the sisters of their husbands, were usually called Cleopatra, Arsinoe or Berenice in... You can get into the grid Hall of fame ruled over parts of India. Published on 28 April 2011 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license otherwise! Triumph and Tragedy in the immediate Roman sphere of influence, and a campaign the! Independent Egypt of Ancient Greek history was the complete conquest of Ptolemaic Egypt by Rome marked the end was! The Definitions.net dictionary many supposed kings in India of colonists who established Greek cities, by Roman. The successors to the pharaohs of independent Egypt up to the river Indus a... Came in 31 BCE by XML the First three of them were in serious competition themselves.: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike Galatians by the historian J. G. Droysen Alexandria is granted from Memodata for European. T. an offensive content ( racist, pornographic, injurious, etc, agree! And rather degenerate states remained, [ 2 ] until the conquest of Ptolemaic by. Cities and kingdoms in Asia and Africa of Pericles merchants twice led to a Roman task force invading (. Mentioned, Apollodotus made himself king of 'India ' in around 170 BC he also expanded the kingdom further into! Greek world was probably inevitable given the general manner of the Ancient Encyclopedia... Considerable importance, were usually called Cleopatra, Arsinoe or Berenice continue to be ruled by Indo-Scythians!