The Licuala grandis bears green to greenish-white flowers, 1/2″ across, in pendent spikes, longer than the leaves. One will find them mainly in China and south of Japan. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, European fan palm, Mediterranean fan palm, Mediterranean dwarf palm. Choose a location that is far away from high-traffic areas as European fan palms have spines that run up and down their trunks which can be painful to the touch. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. You will only have to water this tree periodically, as it is extremely drought tolerant. If you want to keep your palm looking its best, rotate it every month so that it will stay full and lush. Allow the soil to dry between waterings and then soak thoroughly. Keep the seeds consistently moist until they germinate, which can take several weeks. Prepare a planting area in full sun where your Washingtonia will be able to grow to 30 m (100 ft) tall without hitting power lines or nearby buildings. Chamaerops humilis - Mediterranean fan palm |The Palm Centre Also known as the Washingtonia filifera, they grow mainly in subtropical areas. They can withstand cold temperatures. You will have to trim off older fronds now and then - but not very often since the palm grows slowly. Unlike the other palm trees, these trees are prone to certain diseases. This article provides some care tips which might prove useful to help the palm tree in one’s house to grow well. Cold Hardy Mexican Fan Palm Tree Overview Soaring to over 100 ft (30.5 m), this skyscraper of the palm world is a striking sight. They are cold hardy to ar… There are different aspects to caring for a Mexican fan palm. They can also be used indoors because of their beautiful hues of color. The Chinese Fan Palm has an upright growing tendency, but it will require occasional pruning to build a good structure. long), blue-green fan-shaped leaves that are divided into as many as 10-20 narrow, stiff segments. Do not overwater. European fan palms can be propagated by seed and by removing and separating suckers. After the first three months, water sparingly and only during hot, dry periods, as Mexican fan palm is susceptible to rot. Water California fan palm thoroughly immediately after planting. Another benefit of European fan palm is that it seems to be resistant to lethal yellowing disease which is a problem for many palm species. This plant thrives when given full sunlight, though it can survive in partial shade. Use care when unboxing, moving, or repotting. Fertilize with a slow-release palm fertilizer in spring, summer and fall. Giving the plant too much water could result in the death of the Chinese fan palm. They are also known as Pritchardia pacifica. Mediterranean Fan Palm Care & Growing Guide 1. Read more > Livistona alfredii (Millstream Palm) Height 10m This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. These trees are native to arid areas of California, Nevada, Arizona, Florida and northwestern Mexico, depending on the species. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Here are some of the common types and a few care tips for the same. Plant Details. We provide informative articles about gardening, lawn care and landscaping that you can come back to again and again when you have questions or want to learn more! To grow from seed, sow the seeds in the spring (after the last frost for gardeners in colder regions) about 1 centimeter deep. But these are minor ones, which can be treated with fertilizers and certain pesticides. Again they are prone to very few diseases like yellowing of leaves, which can be taken care of with the help of fertilizers. As a general rule fan palms are hardier than feather-leafed palms. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. These shiny dark green leaves are rounded that spans to about 20 inches or more. They are slow growing trees that grow up to 10 feet tall. These plants are not suited for rainy areas. Pruning 101 Correct Palm If Nature Could Talk. They grow mainly in Mexico, Baja, Southern California, and Arizona. Allow the plant soil to dry out a little more in the winter than in the summer. Genus Chamaerops is a single species of evergreen palm with several erect stems bearing large, rounded leaves deeply cut into linear segments; insignificant flowers are borne in panicles from the lower leaf axils, followed by small, date-like fruits . Until the roots of a European fan palm are well-established, it should be watered regularly. This palm responds favorably to frequent, light fertilization. The seeds can be sown during the spring seasons and it takes them at least 4 weeks to germinate. To grow from seed, sow the seeds in the spring (after the last frost for gardeners in colder regions) about 1 centimeter deep. Once the saplings start to grow, make sure that as a part of fan palm care, it gets enough sunlight. How to Plant a Mediterranean Fan Palm. European fan palms are not prone to any serious pests or diseases. The Licuala grandis is a truly out of the ordinary palm.It's beauty is deraigned from it's magnificient fan-like fronds, which dominate the palm at it's early age. Fan palm as a descriptive term can refer to any of several different kinds of palms (Arecaceae) in various genera with leaves that are palmately lobed (rather than pinnately compound). They love well-drained soil. Your Chinese Fan Palm tends to grow towards the light. These grow several stems from the base and produce fronds that look similar to a fan. If the water is retained, then the roots of the plant will decay away. Keep the Mexican fan palm damp for the first three months. European fan palms also tolerate poor soils well. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. In colder regions, they can be kept outside during the warm summer months and overwintered indoors. In such cases, one can use fertilizers and also some pesticides to get rid of any kind of pests. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. 2. Watering: Water regularly during growing season. Spruce Up Your Yard With These Tree Landscaping Ideas. European fan palms are very slow-growing to a maximum height of about 8 to 10 feet. Though they tolerate both salt and drought, water your Mexican fan palm deeply at least once a month. The seeds start germinating after at least a month of planting it. In regions with harsh winter conditions, European fan palms can be easily overwintered indoors. The old leaves stays on if they are not removed. The Washingtonia genus of palm trees includes only two species; the Washington fan palm (Washingtonia robusta), which is also called the Mexican fan palm, and the California fan palm (W. filifera). Fan Palm Care Tips. Like the Mexican plant, these plants also grow in soils which are alkaline in nature. Soil condition that is needed is a mixture of clay, sand, and loam. However, keep an eye out for common pests and diseases like mealy bugs, scale, spider mites, and leaf spot. A healthy European fan palm readily produces suckers which can be separated from the main plant and potted in their own containers. The soil in which one plants the seeds, can be a mixture of sand, loam, and peat. One of their kind that is the fan palm tree is present in many types, depending on the area where they are growing. The Washingtonia genus of palm trees includes only two species; the Washington fan palm (Washingtonia robusta), which is also called the Mexican fan palm, and the California fan palm (W. filifera). Prune the leaves at least once a year for a better look and to help the new leaves grow better. Caring for palm trees is not very difficult. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. However, one can plant the saplings in partly-shaded areas too. Well, we're looking for good writers who want to spread the word. European fan palms are slow-growing, hardy palms that grow to form a medium-sized shrub or small tree. The flowers are followed by spherical, glossy red fruit. Ruffled Fan Palm has very attractive pleated leaves, each with notched tips. For outdoor trees, you only need to do this once a year. There is no need to worry about the tree being infected, as there are no such diseases which have been heard of yet. These trees prefer moist soil and a plenty of sunlight. Ensure you choose a location where your European fan palm receives at least 4-6 hours of direct sunlight every day. One would also find the leaves of this Fiji palm tree interesting. Growing and Care Guide. The fan palm is said to grow well indoors compared to other fan type of palms. Once an extensive root system has been established, European fan palms are moderately drought tolerant and watering can be reduced. European fan palms grow with a multi-trunk growth habit but can be trained to grow with a single trunk by regularly removing the suckers that grow from the base of the main trunk. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. If you are growing a European fan palm as a houseplant, keep repotting to a minimum - every 2-3 years should be sufficient. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Fertilize the Mexican fan palm in spring, using a slow-release fertilizer for palm trees. The European fan palm (Chamaerops humilis), also known as the Mediterranean fan palm or the Mediterranean dwarf palm, is the most cold-hardy species of palm tree, tolerating temperatures as low as 10 degrees Fahrenheit (or -12 degrees Celsius). It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. They also have exceptional wind and drought tolerance. Most are members of the subfamily Coryphoideae, though a few genera in subfamily Calamoideae (Mauritia, Mauritiella and Lepidocaryum) also have palmate leaves. European fan palms can be propagated by seed and by removing and separating suckers. see more; Family Arecaceae . Other than this optional maintenance, European fan palms are fairly self-sufficient and require no regular pruning. When growing European fan palms in containers ensure that they dry out thoroughly between waterings. A light fertilizer application from late winter through early fall helps fan palm plants remain vital. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Cori is a freelance writer based out of Ontario, Canada, who specializes in houseplants and houseplant care. The seedlings of this tree should be well protected from the winds and any major changes in the temperature. Chinese fan palm (Livistona chinensis) produces large, attractive, fan-shaped leaves with fringed tips. When planting European fan palms outdoors, ensure that the palms are spaced at least 3-4 feet apart. Would you like to write for us? Light Requirement. Cold Hardiness Zone: 10b Comments and Curiosities. A daily mist of water helps to keep humidity levels high. The other name of this tree is Livistonia chinensis. During the growing season, you can give the plant a little bit more water if it seems dry to the touch, but always check the soil before watering it so that you do not risk overwatering the palm. Otherwise, if the plants do not get the proper requirements, they may die. One will find these palm trees mainly in the tropical regions, the warm temperate regions, and the subtropical regions. Fan palm tree needs proper care in order to grow well. They also grow well as houseplants, adapting easily to indoor conditions. They belong to the family of Arecaceae or Palmae. The height of this palm tree is usually 40 to 50 feet but some might even grow up to a height of 80 feet. Life Cycle / Plant Type: … Once the seeds are planted, it will take them at least 15 weeks to germinate. These palm trees grow up to 100 feet tall and have lifespans of up to 100 years. The Mexican fan palm, scientifically known as Washingtonia robusta, grows an approximate height of 80 feet. 7 Reasons To Love Your Mediterranean Fan Palm And Enjoy A Care Plant. The fertilizer needs of Mexican fan palms will vary with the soil, but a general maintenance recommendation is to apply 1 1/2 pounds of 8-1-10-4 palm tree fertilizer for every 100 square feet of area every three months. Chinese fan palms will grow well in almost any average soil that receives a modest amount of moisture. They need enough sunlight to grow. Although diseases in these trees are not known, sometimes they might be infected by some bacteria or maybe the leaves might turn yellow due to pests. They produce several branching flowers that are white or yellow in color. The soil in which one plants the seeds, can be a mixture of sand, loam, and peat. I am native to China and Japan but I was grown in Florida and am so happy to be going to my new home.. Indoors in a container, I can grow 6-7 feet tall and will add beautiful full, green look to your home. Pot up or install fan palm as mentioned when it comes to container garden that we discussed earlier. Follow maintenance practices, when it comes to watering, fertilizing and treating for disease and garden insect pest. They are straight and have a single trunk. Fan types are generally not as popular as other palms. Thereafter, water deeply when the top 2 inches of soil are dry, providing enough water to saturate the soil to a depth of 2 feet. While this tree can withstand cold temperatures, it does require lots of sunlight on a daily basis. This applies not just to the cold but also to wind and in particular drought. Plant Stand Arizona. Furthermore, these trees grow best when they are planted outdoors. After the first year, start giving fertilizers to the plant and prune it, at least once a year for better growth. They can grow in clayey or sandy soil. The leaves of this tree are divided into at least 75 segments that droop down gracefully, making the tree look like a fountain. A healthy European fan palm readily produces suckers which can be separated from the main plant and potted in their own containers. Plant in mid-spring to allow time for the palm to establish before winter. Native to southern Japan, China and Taiwan, the plant requires warmth to thrive and cannot survive cold temperatures. This European native thrives in sunny, warm daytime temperatures and cool evening temperatures. What’s the Best Weed Killer for Bermuda Grass? Cold hardy to Zone 8, this palm needs no protection whatsoever from whatever Mother Nature doles out in winter. European fan palms are not picky when it comes to soil. The leaflet tips are serrated around the margins. They can tolerate cold up to 30 ºF. We hope you are enjoying Gardenerdy! In addition to windmill palm, this species of palm tree is also referred to as the Chinese windmill palm (though, as mentioned, it has not been determined that it originated in China), the Chusan palm, and the fan palm. They can grow in partly-shady and partly-lighted areas. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. - This section provides Palm Tree Care Advice on choosing a Palm Tree, planting Palms, growing Palm Trees, preparing and caring of Palm Trees (cold hardy) for the Winter Cold, Pruning Palm Trees along with cold hardy zone maps showing the typical winter cold snaps your Palm Trees will have to endure and Palm Tree care for cold winters. Mediterranean fan palm (Chamaerops humilis) care tips & plant information. Our site includes quite a bit of content, so if you're having an issue finding what you're looking for, go on ahead and use that search feature there! European fan palms thrive in full sun, but can tolerate part shade as well. European fan palms do well when grown in containers - whether they are kept indoors as a houseplant or outdoors in a container garden. Bring a bit of the tropics to your garden, even in a cooler climate, with the Mediterranean fan palm (Chamaerops humilis). Growing Zone (USA / UK Hardiness): USDA Zones 8b to 11 / H4 - hardy to about -10°C (14°F). Regular watering in the summer helps to encourage growth. Northern gardeners rejoice, this fan palm can tolerate freezing temperatures! 2. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Plant in a well-drained area...it likes to dry out between waterings. It’s only after the 6th month that the seedling starts growing faster and one would also notice 4 leaves coming out. Well fan palm care compared to other fan type of palms be used indoors of... 'Ll assume you 're ok with this, but can tolerate freezing!! 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