Viburnum lentago: leaf blades with regular, fine, and sharp teeth throughout the margin and array of flowers unstalked (vs. V. nudum, with the leaf blades with irregular and usually rounded teeth (sometimes portions of the blade lacking teeth altogether) and array of flowers elevated on a stalk 5-50 mm long). Our native animals and plants evolved over thousands of years into a integrated system of food producers and food consumers. cassinoides . Northern Wild Raisin is an erect, medium-sized, long-lived shrub which reaches maximum height at maturity at about 15 feet. Plant in groups for better fruit production. State Status: Pennsylvania Endangered (PE) Online Conservation Guide for Black Spruce-Tamarack Bog. rank interpretation The leaves reportedly may be used as a pleasant-tasting tea substitute. Pronunciation: vi-BUR-num NU-dum. 'Count Pulaski'-This open-growing plant offers larger, glossy leaves and wonderful fruit that pass through shades of pink, lavender, blue and black. University of Michigan Herbarium. 2017. The flowers, which appear in May or June, are arranged in flat-topped clusters. Withe-rod. Possumhaw Viburnum is a 12-15-foot tall (some report up to 20 feet) x 12-15-foot wide, deciduous, wet-tolerant shrub of surprising ornamental value found in … Viburnum nudum is one of the unsung—and underused—heroes of the viburnum family. Northern Wild-raisin. Retrieved 17 January 2017. pp. The entire Province/State is coloured, regardless of where in that Province/State it occurs. New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. nudum is rare in New England, and it is believed to no longer grow in wild areas of Connecticut. This viburnum is often confused with winterberry (or winter holly), which goes by the same common name. It can also be seen on the Lake Colby Railroad Tracks. The deep green leaves are two to four inches long. Adirondack Habitats: Northern Wild Raisin usually occurs in wetlands, including swamps, fens, and bogs. cassinoides. Adirondack Upland Flora: An Ecological Perspective (Saranac, New York: The Chauncy Press, 1992), pp. This plant is listed as endangered in Indiana, Kentucky and Pennsylvania, and a plant of special concern in Connecticut. It may also occur in non-wetlands thickets, clearings, and forest edges. Online Conservation Guide for Spruce-Fir Swamp. A compact Viburnum Nudum. Family: Adoxaceae, Caprifoliaceae. v.1 Updated 10.23.2006. American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. 2018. Adirondack Park Agency. Online Conservation Guide for Floodplain Forest. Retrieved 10 February 2020. 2020. However, the berries are not a preferred food, and this plant does not represent a significant share of the diet of any of our Adirondack wildlife. The berry-like fruit appears in clusters after flowering. Michael Kudish. Flowers May - June, fruits August - November. The New York Flora Atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state, as well as information on plant habitats, associated ecological communities, and taxonomy. In the Adirondacks, the fruits develop starting in late August and early September, maturing in late September. New York Natural Heritage Program. Retrieved 10 February 2017. Grows in moist soils, swamps, and open woods. The berries are showy in colors of pink and blue and are attractive to birds. 363-364. Retrieved 10 February 2020. Retrieved 10 February 2020. Although Northern Wild Raisin, unlike some other shrubs, consistently bears heavy crops of fruit, it is not ranked as an important wildlife food. Possum Haw, Viburnum nudum– Grows to 4 meters tall. New York Natural Heritage Program. Bogs & Fens. The Illustrated Book of Wildflowers and Shrubs (Stackpole Books, 1993), pp. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia. In the Adirondack Park, Northern Wild Raisin can be found in a variety of ecological communities, including: Among the trails covered here, this shrub can be seen on the edges of Heron Marsh at the Paul Smiths VIC, the swampy areas along the Bloomingdale Bog Trail, and the swampy edges of fields at John Brown Farm. It grows in wetlands, particularly swamps, wet thickets, and the margins of ponds. Wetland Plants of the Adirondacks: Ferns, Woody Plants, and Graminoids (Trafford Publishing, 2011), p. 44. Viburnum nudum is a shrub with opposite, simple leaves, on slender stems. (meaning that the leaves are not divided into leaflets) and oppositeOpposite Leaves: Leaves occurring in pairs at a node, with one leaf on either side of the stem., meaning that they appear in pairs, directly across from each other on the stem. Wild Raisin. Throughout its range, it is seen in swamps, fens, and bogs. Wild Raisin. topped with yellow anthersAnther: the part of a stamen that contains the pollen., giving the flower cluster a creamy glow. Block. Retrieved 9 February 2017. Type: Broadleaf. Online Conservation Guide for Pine-Northern Hardwood Forest. Meiyin Wu and Dennis Kalma. The fruits at maturity are dark blue-black and berry-like, with a single seed. A related species, Possum-haw (Viburnum nudum), is listed at … Viburnum nudum ‘Winterthur’ Winterthur grows to only about six feet (the species can get to 20′). 2020. Winterthur Smooth Viburnum Viburnum nudum 'Winterthur' Sku #1301. Plants of North Elba. The bark and root bark of the shrub reportedly was used as a tonic. Somewhat smaller than Nannyberry, it has an especially beautiful form, often with one or more trunks and slender arching branches. Available at. Ecological Communities of New York State. Viburnum nudum var. The PA Biological Survey considers possumhaw to be a species of special concern, based on the relatively few occurrences that have been recently documented and its wetland habitat. In Pennsylvania, it represents a southerly species and has been documented in a few southeastern counties. Viburnum nudum var. State Rank: S1. An infusion of bark reportedly was used as a wash for a sore tongue. New York Natural Heritage Program. The selection “Winterthur’ will have a stronger berry set if you also plant a straight species. Winterthur Smooth Viburnum Viburnum nudum ‘Winterthur. Viburnum cassinoides.  Retrieved 10 February 2017. NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life [web application]. IThe opposite wavy-edgeded leaves are nicer leaves than … Rhoads, A.F. Range map for Wild Raisin (Viburnum nudum) PLEASE NOTE: A coloured Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State. Retrieved 9 February 2017. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Spring blooms, fall color. Planting native shrubs will help this natural relationship carry on. An infusion has been used as a treatment for fever and convulsions. The Northern Wild Raisin is quite similar to several other viburnums that grow in the Adirondacks.  Leaf shape, habit, and habitat help distinguish them from each other.Â. Southern Arrowwood, Viburnum recognitum – Grows to 3 meters tall. White flowers spring, pink-purple berries in the fall. The one that catches my eye at this time of year is Viburnum nudum 'Winterthur'. Retrieved 10 February 2020. iNaturalist. Broadleaf deciduous, somewhat compact, shrub to about 6 ft (1.5 m) in 10 years, narrower width. The Plants of Pennsylvania: An Illustrated Manual. Klein, Jr. 1993. Viburnum dentatum (Arrowood Viburnum) Viburnum nudum (Possumhaw Viburnum) Perennials. The Vascular Flora of Pennsylvania. Fewer than ten populations, most of them with only a few individuals, are known from the state. Northern White Raisin is classified as a Facultative Wetland (FACW) plant, meaning that it usually occurs in wetlands on poorly-drained soils, but can occasionally be found in non-wetlands on fairly well-drained soil. Viburnum nudum L. Retrieved 10 February 2020. Flowers are white to cream; fruit dark blue; common in moist soils. Pennsylvania Natural Heritage Program. The fruit reportedly may be eaten raw or cooked, and was used by several native American tribes, including the Abnaki and the Algonquin. Trees and Shrubs of the Adirondacks: A Field Guide (Utica, New York: North Country Books, 1990), pp. Retrieved 10 February 2020. It’s a native shrub in the Northeast and Southeast, from Connecticut to Florida and west to Louisiana. Viburnum cassinoides. Charles H. Peck. 586-591. Retrieved 10 February 2020. New York Natural Heritage Program. Critically imperiled in the nation or state because of extreme rarity (often 5 or fewer occurrences) or because of some factor(s) such as very steep declines making it especially vulnerable to extirpation from the state. It is native to low woods, swamps and bogs in the eastern and southeastern U.S. from Connecticut south to Florida and Louisiana. http://plant-quest.blogspot.com/2007/02/viburnum-nudum-close-to-perfection.html, © 2019 PA Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. Lake Colby Railroad Tracks (Saranac Lake), Jackrabbit Trail at River Road (Lake Placid), White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus), List of Adirondack Amphibians and Reptiles. On Staten Island it is associated with sweetgum swamps … Native Plant Trust. The leaves of Northern Wild Raisin are simpleSimple Leaf: A leaf with a single undivided blade, as opposed to a compound leaf, which is one that is divided to the midrib, with distinct, expanded portions called leaflets. Each fruit is about ⅓ inch long. The flowers, which appear in … This species may be impacted by deer browsing in some locations. Ronald B. Davis. Full to … Version 7.1. Lawrence Newcomb. Newcomb's Wildflower Guide (Little Brown and Company, 1977), pp. Ask your local nursery or garden center to help you and local wildlife, by selling “paired plants” for those species needing cross-pollination, including our beautiful native viburnums. Viburnum nudum 'Winterthur' Common name: Winterthur Smooth Witherod. New York Natural Heritage Program. 2020. In the Adirondacks, the Northern Wild Raisin flowers for a short period in mid- to late-June. Retrieved 9 February 2017. Northern Wild Raisin has a variety of uses as an edible plant. In sites where Northern Wild Raisin forms a dense thicket, it can provide cover for various mammals and birds. PNHP is a partnership between The Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, NatureServe. United States Department of Agriculture. Northern Wild Raisin is found in eastern North America, south to Georgia and west to Wisconsin and Illinois. 2020. At White House Natives, we would like to shine a spotlight on both Viburnum nudum and Viburnum prunifolium. It is native to low woods, swamps and bogs in the eastern and southeastern U.S. from Connecticut south to Florida and Louisiana. 49-50, 66, 71-72, 75-76, 121-122. 2020. The small individual flowers have white petals with five regular lobes. Its ripe fruit is eaten by many kinds of wildlife. Federal Status: Global Rank: G5 Retrieved 10 February 2020. William Carey Grimm. Choose which sorts of plants to use based on the type of soil you have available. New York Natural Heritage Program. The flowers of Northern Wild Raisin appear in a dense cluster usually about four inches wide. inch wide, with five petalsPetals: Modified leaves that surround the reproductive parts of flowers. 2001 ), pp this Natural relationship carry on, © 2019 PA Department Conservation... 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