It was also in direct conflict with the dominant Catholic and scholastic doctrines of the time concerning politics and ethics. At the completion of this topic, the students must be able to: 1. New literary genres such as the essay and new metrical forms such as the sonnet and Spenserian stanza made their appearance. Theme definition, a subject of discourse, discussion, meditation, or composition; topic: The need for world peace was the theme of the meeting. Many of the Arabian Nights stories tell of men who rise from poverty to wealth and prosperity. The Christian Church acted as a traditional organization. According to her, noble women did not use such language. Literature in the Philippines evolved as part of the country's changing history. The 13th and 14th century Italian literary revolution helped set the stage for the Renaissance. Niccolò Machiavelli was an Italian Renaissance historian, politician, diplomat, philosopher, Humanist, and writer, often called the founder of modern political science. Many argue that the ideas characterizing the Renaissance had their origin in late 13th century Florence, in particular in the writings of Dante Alighieri (1265–1321) and Petrarch (1304–1374). The Prince is sometimes claimed to be one of the first works of modern philosophy, especially modern political philosophy, in which the effective truth is taken to be more important than any abstract ideal. Psychologists were just beginning to understand that human consciousness was far more complicated and various than had pr… Petrarch’s disciple, Giovanni Boccaccio, became a major author in his own right. As such, ideas, forms, themes, etc., from the Italian Renaissance and ancient Greece and Rome lead to what becomes Elizabethan literature. The themes of the texts had moral, ethical and did… It served as an extended defense for the studies of ancient literature and thought. Others regard it as a political document, characterized by the protest against colonialism's downgrading of the blacks. Supported and encouraged by important royal French and English patrons, she influenced 15th century English poetry. While the Enlightenment was a tremendously broad movement, there are several core themes that were characteristic of it. 15 Common Themes in Film and Literature . She spent most of her childhood and all of her adult life in Paris and then the abbey at Poissy, and wrote entirely in her adopted language, Middle French. Appreciate the influence of European literature today. He wrote his most renowned work, The Prince (Il Principe) in 1513. Machiavelli’s best-known book, The Prince, contains several maxims concerning politics. Portrait of Dante: Dante Alighieri was a major Italian poet of the Late Middle Ages who influenced and set the precedent for Renaissance literature. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Renaissance literature refers to European literature that was influenced by the intellectual and cultural tendencies of the Renaissance. His major work was The Decameron, a collection of 100 stories told by ten storytellers who have fled to the outskirts of Florence to escape the black plague over ten nights. Christine’s participation in a literary debate about Jean de Meun’s. Psychologists were just beginning to understand that human consciousness was far more complicated and various than had pr… African literature means different things to different people. For some it is simply an appendage to English and French literature. Christine’s participation in a literary debate, in 1401–1402, allowed her to move beyond the courtly circles, and ultimately to establish her status as a writer concerned with the position of women in society. As a political theorist, Machiavelli emphasized the occasional need for the methodical exercise of brute force or deceit, including extermination of entire noble families to head off any chance of a challenge to the prince’s authority. The 1250s saw a major change in Italian poetry as the Dolce Stil Novo (Sweet New Style, which emphasized Platonic rather than courtly love) came into its own, pioneered by poets like Guittone d’Arezzo and Guido Guinizelli. However, Humbert Humbert, in telling his story, usespuns, literary allusions, and repeating linguistic patterns to renderthis dark tale in an enchanting form. He asserted that violence may be necessary for the successful stabilization of power and introduction of new legal institutions. The Decameron in particular and Boccaccio’s work in general were a major source of inspiration and plots for many English authors in the Renaissance, including Geoffrey Chaucer and William Shakespeare. Dominant theme definition: A theme in a piece of writing, a talk , or a discussion is an important idea or subject... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples The lay writings were also called Jugglary Mester and were not as abundant as the religious, but they were part of the literature of this time and they told stories of chivalry and love. He also wrote comedies, carnival songs, and poetry. He was secretary to the Second Chancery of the Republic of Florence from 1498 to 1512, when the Medici were out of power. One was reason. Much of the impetus for her writing came from her need to earn a living to support her mother, a niece, and her two surviving children after being widowed at the age of 25. Europe is one of the seven traditional continents of the Earth . The Humanist Francesco Petrarch, a key figure in the renewed sense of scholarship, was also an accomplished poet, publishing several important works of poetry. Theme definition, a subject of discourse, discussion, meditation, or composition; topic: The need for world peace was the theme of the meeting. Romanticism stresses on self-expression and individual uniqueness that does not lend itself to precise definition. 1. One historian noted that The Prince was spoken of highly by Thomas Cromwell in England and had influenced Henry VIII in his turn towards Protestantism and in his tactics, for example during the Pilgrimage of Grace. Brush up on your geography and finally learn what countries are in Eastern Europe with our maps. European Literature 1. The state of European politics. The most prominent representatives of medieval literature were: Among the most outstanding works of medieval literature, we can mention some from Spain, Italy, France and other European countries such as: Many of the works of medieval literature are by. With the printing of books initiated in Venice by Aldus Manutius, an increasing number of works began to be published in the Italian language, in addition to the flood of Latin and Greek texts that constituted the mainstream of the Italian Renaissance. Tales of wit, practical jokes, and life lessons contribute to the mosaic. But this did not hinder the basic goal: to create a typically American culture. Identify the key contributions made by Dante, Boccaccio, and Bruni. Liberation in literature challenges people, community and the continent to identify the positive elements in their heritage and inspires them to find solutions to their problems. and social perceptions of members of both dominant and minority groups. Literary periods are spans of time for literature that shares intellectual, linguistic, religious, and artistic influences. On the other hand, every intellectual understood this was not possible; the European example and tradition were too strong to be neglected. As one historian reports, in the 16th century, Catholic writers “associated Machiavelli with the Protestants, whereas Protestant authors saw him as Italian and Catholic.” In fact, he was apparently influencing both Catholic and Protestant kings. When we apply this definition of theme to film and literature we get: European Literature 1. Political and social causes became dominant themes in romantic poetry and prose throughout France and other parts of Europe, producing many vital human documents that are still pertinent. Along with the Yoruba culture, Wole Soyinka also advocates the theme of liberation in his works. Up until about twenty-five years before the Revolutionary War began, the reading material for Picture from The Book of the City of Ladies: The Treasure of the City of Ladies is a manual of education by medieval Italian-French author Christine de Pizan. When we apply this definition of theme to film and literature we get: Christine de Pizan was an Italian-French late medieval author who wrote about the positive contributions of women to European history and court life. Additionally, The Treasure of the City of Ladies provides glimpses into women’s lives in 1400, from the great lady in the castle down to the merchant’s wife, the servant, and the peasant. In the late Middle Ages, the overwhelming majority of poetry was written in Latin, and therefore was accessible only to affluent and educated audiences. The history of European literature and of each of its standard periods can be illuminated by comparative consideration of the different literary languages within Europe and of the relationship of European literature to world literature. In addition to its literary value and widespread influence, it provides a document of life at the time. In northern Europe the scholarly writings of Erasmus, the plays of Shakespeare, the poems of Edmund Spenser, and the writings of Sir Philip Sidney may be considered Renaissance in character. 4. Themes in literature are often varied and hidden. Within the history of universal literature, the contributions generated in the Middle Ages have served much to leave records of what the societies of this era were like, their culture, their moral and social patterns, as well as the literary styles used to tell real or fabulous stories of that moment in the history of humanity. The period focused on self-actualization and one’s ability to accept what is going on in one’s life. Others regard it as a political document, characterized by the protest against colonialism's downgrading of the blacks. Change of power– necessity 4. Portrait of Niccolò Machiavelli: Machiavelli is a political philosopher infamous for his justification of violence in his treatise The Prince. Machiavelli has become infamous for such political advice, ensuring that he would be remembered in history through the adjective “Machiavellian.”. Italian prose of the 13th century was as abundant and varied as its poetry. Although the split was along family lines at first, ideological differences arose based on opposing views of the papal role in Florentine affairs, with the Blacks supporting the pope and the Whites wanting more freedom from Rome. Christine specifically objected to the use of vulgar terms in Jean de Meun’s allegorical poem. The English Renaissance and the Renaissance in Scotland date from the late 15th century to the early 17th century. It was only in the 13th century that Italian authors began writing in their native vernacular language rather than in Latin, French, or Provençal. Without properly identifying suitable and appropriate themes, you wont be able to write a good th… Dominant theme definition: A theme in a piece of writing, a talk , or a discussion is an important idea or subject... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples The literature and poetry of the Renaissance was largely influenced by the developing science and philosophy. children's literatureincludes books, poems, and plays meant for children. The Baroque (UK: / b ə ˈ r ɒ k /, US: / b ə ˈ r oʊ k /; French: ) is a style of architecture, music, dance, painting, sculpture and other arts that flourished in Europe from the early 17th century until the 1740s. 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